Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
a generic term for any of the estrus-producing compounds (female sex hormones), including estradiol, estriol, and estrone. Called also estrogenic hormone. In humans, the estrogens are formed in the ovary, adrenal cortex, testis, and fetoplacental unit, and are responsible for female secondary sex characteristic development, and during the menstrual cycle, act on the female genitalia to produce an environment suitable for fertilization, implantation, and nutrition of the early embryo. Uses for estrogens include oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, advanced prostate or postmenopausal breast carcinoma treatment, and osteoporosis prophylaxis.
conjugated e's a mixture of the sodium salts of the sulfate esters of estrone and equilin; therapeutic uses are similar to those of other estrogens; administered orally, intravenously, intramuscularly, or intravaginally.
esterified e's a mixture of esters of estrogenic substances, principally estrone, having therapeutic uses similar to those of other estrogens.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Any substance capable of preventing full expression of the biologic effects of estrogenic hormones on responsive tissues, either by producing antagonistic effects on the target tissue, as androgens and progestogens do, or by competing with estrogens at estrogen receptors at the cellular level (for example, tamoxifen).
Synonym(s): estrogen antagonist
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Any substance capable of preventing full expression of the biologic effects of estrogenic hormones on responsive tissues.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012