antiemetics


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

antiemetics

Drugs used to prevent vomiting. Antiemetic drugs include metoclopramide (Maxolon) and domperidone (Motilium).
References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers found the remaining 5 trials to be of low methodological quality, with small sample sizes and inconsistent results, and concluded that the antiemetics they assessed should not be used for outpatients with gastroenteritis.
Consideration should be made to repeating this study excluding nitrous oxide and using double agent antiemetics to determine if the incidence of vomiting associated with the additional subhypnotic propofol technique might be further reduced.
The antiemetics included ondansetron (six studies), domperidone (two studies), trimethobenzamide (two studies), pyrilaminepentobarbital (two studies), metoclopramide (two studies), dexamethasone (one study), and promethazine (one study).
In the early 1990s, manufacturing problems curtailed the availability of parenteral prochlorperazine, the other preferred antiemetic for these indications.
In the study by Moretti et al (14) colloid was used for intra-operative resuscitation in 90 patients undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery; they found that the incidence of nausea and vomiting, severe pain, periorbital oedema, double vision and the use of rescue antiemetics was significantly reduced in patients receiving colloids.
3] (5-hydroxytryptamine type 3) receptor type, is a highly effective antiemetic that has been used successfully for both the prophylaxis and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in the high-risk outpatient surgical population (1-6).
Benzodiazepines can be helpful as short-term antiemetics for gastroparesis associated with chemotherapy or surgery but shouldn't be used long term.
other antiemetics (194 patients); two studies of metoclopramide vs.
Women with hyperemesis gravidarum usually require frequent hospital admissions and treatment with antiemetics, correction of fluid and electrolyte imbalances and gradual introduction of fluids and food (5).
This finding was seen previously in a prospective study comparing these two antiemetics and placebo.
Interestingly, antiemetics for control of nausea and vomiting associated with these drugs are often administered in a similar fashion.
Furthermore, these antiemetics have been associated with significant adverse effects, such as sedation, extra-pyramidal side effects and hypotension (associated with dopamine antagonists), as well as headache, diarrhea or constipation.