anticonvulsant

(redirected from anticonvulsant drug)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

anticonvulsant

 [an″te, an″ti-kon-vul´sant]
1. inhibiting convulsions.
2. an agent that has this effect, such as diphenylhydantoin (Dilantin), mephenytoin (Mesantoin), and trimethadione. They are used in the treatment of epilepsy and in psychomotor and myoclonic seizures.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kon-vŭl'sant),
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

(ăn′tē-kən-vŭl′sənt, ăn′tī-)
n.
A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions.

an′ti·con·vul′sive (-sĭv) adj.

anticonvulsant

adjective Related to preventing seizures noun Any agent used to prevent, reduce or stop seizures or convulsions. See Epilepsy.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1.Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

A drug used to prevent or reduce the severity of epileptic attacks, or to prevent dangerous muscle contraction in electroconvulsive therapy. Anticonvulsant drugs include PHENYTOIN (Epanutin), PHENOBARBITONE (phenobarbital) (Luminal), ETHOSUXIMIDE (Zarontin), CARBAMAZEPINE (Tegretol), SODIUM VALPROATE (Epilim) and CLONAZEPAM (Rivotril).

Anticonvulsant

A type of drug given to prevent seizures. Some patients with migraines can be treated effectively with an anticonvulsant.
Mentioned in: Antimigraine Drugs

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.
Synonym(s): anticonvulsive.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sulphonamides were responsible in 41.7% cases of Stevens-Johnson syndrome, followed by indigenous medicine and anticonvulsant drugs each in 25% cases.
Despite the boost in longevity that the anticonvulsant drugs yielded in worms, Kornfeld cautions that a similar effect has not been documented in people.
(22) New anticonvulsant drugs are also available, such as valproic acid, primidone, vigabatrin (Sabrilr), gabapentin (Neurontinr), and topiramate (Topamaxr).
Serum and plasma for total and free anticonvulsant drug analyses: effects on EMIT assays and ultrafiltration devices.
In a multivariate analysis that controlled for age, gender, smoking, alcohol abuse, concomitant medications, cardiovascular disease, arrhythmia, hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, and hypercholesterolemia, people who died from sudden death were 2.5-fold more likely to be on treatment with an anticonvulsant drug than were controls, a statistically significant difference, reported Dr.
The anticonvulsant drug is bioequivalent to Dilantin Kapseals (Pfizer Inc.).
The finding could stimulate efforts to make the anticonvulsant drug, magnesium sulfate more widely available and more routinely used.
Fosphenytoin, 5,5-diphenyl-3-[(phosphonooxy)methyl]-2,4-imidazolidine- dione disodium salt (Cerebyx[R]; Parke-Davis), is a phosphorylated form of the anticonvulsant drug phenytoin.
This side effect is less likely to occur with Guaifenesin, which makes it a good candidate as an anticonvulsant drug. Additionally, Guaifenesin can be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding; this further underscores the desirability of this drug as a potential anticonvulsant in clinical practice.
ORLANDO -- Patients who experienced sudden cardiac death had a significantly higher rate of treatment with a sodium-channel blocking, anticonvulsant drug, compared with people who did not have sudden death, in a case-control study of more than 10,000 people.
Those suffering repeated fits may need tests and an anticonvulsant drug.
One good example of these abuses is represented by the anticonvulsant drug, Neurontin.