anticonvulsant


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Related to anticonvulsant: Anticonvulsant Drugs

anticonvulsant

 [an″te, an″ti-kon-vul´sant]
1. inhibiting convulsions.
2. an agent that has this effect, such as diphenylhydantoin (Dilantin), mephenytoin (Mesantoin), and trimethadione. They are used in the treatment of epilepsy and in psychomotor and myoclonic seizures.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kon-vŭl'sant),
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

(ăn′tē-kən-vŭl′sənt, ăn′tī-)
n.
A drug that prevents or relieves convulsions.

an′ti·con·vul′sive (-sĭv) adj.

anticonvulsant

adjective Related to preventing seizures noun Any agent used to prevent, reduce or stop seizures or convulsions. See Epilepsy.

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1.Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.

anticonvulsant

A drug used to prevent or reduce the severity of epileptic attacks, or to prevent dangerous muscle contraction in electroconvulsive therapy. Anticonvulsant drugs include PHENYTOIN (Epanutin), PHENOBARBITONE (phenobarbital) (Luminal), ETHOSUXIMIDE (Zarontin), CARBAMAZEPINE (Tegretol), SODIUM VALPROATE (Epilim) and CLONAZEPAM (Rivotril).

Anticonvulsant

A type of drug given to prevent seizures. Some patients with migraines can be treated effectively with an anticonvulsant.
Mentioned in: Antimigraine Drugs

an·ti·con·vul·sant

(an'tē-kŏn-vŭl'sănt)
1. Preventing or arresting seizures.
2. An agent having such action.
Synonym(s): anticonvulsive.
References in periodicals archive ?
One can, of course, speculate on possible neurochemical underpinnings of an association between an anticonvulsant and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
They say the medical profession has failed to act on concerns about the effect of anticonvulsants first raised 15 years ago and the evidence which has since emerged.
Recently, for example, a new anticonvulsant drug called gabapentin has come on the market.
Numerous claims and studies have contradictory statement about neem and its anticonvulsant effect.
Studies with dodecenal revealed similar results, leading the researchers to conclude that dodecenal could be the molecular mechanism behind the anticonvulsant activity of cilantro.
The anticonvulsant effects at all 3 concentrations of the VHE (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg) were significantly lower than those of diazepam (P<0.001).
The study also finds that payment data show that both dermatological medications and anticonvulsants now rank ahead of opioids in terms of total reimbursements.
The present study was undertaken to explore anticonvulsant effect of nifedipine and flunarizine against MES induced seizure.
THURSDAY, July 5, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Anticonvulsant drugs are ineffective for chronic low back pain and can cause harm, despite a recent increase in prescribing, according to a review published online July 3 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.
Anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome (AHS) is a rare condition that can be life-threatening if misdiagnosed.
Purpose: To evaluate demographic characteristics, clinical signs and symptoms, treatment methods and clinical outcomes of anticonvulsant exposures in cases who were admitted to the Department of Emergency Medicine of in Dokuz Eylul University Hospital (DEUH) between 2000 and 2010 and reported to the Dokuz Eylul University Drug and Poison Information Center (DEUDPIC).
Methods: Available literature was reviewed from PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge and Science Direct, using combinations of the following keywords: Castrodia elata, tianma, epilepsy, anticonvulsant and pharmacokinetics.