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Perhaps the most extreme case was President Nixon's instruction to his staff to revoke federal research funds to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology because of his annoyance with MIT President Jerome Wiesner's opposition to the antiballistic missile program.
Sir, - The US has now formally announced its intention of withdrawing from the ABM (AntiBallistic Missile) Treaty.
Bush insisted on junking the 1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty, a cornerstone of nuclear arms control, to build an American missile shield; Putin said the move would trigger a new nuclear arms race.
At the same time, an estimated 100 demonstrations were taking place in 19 countries across the world to protest against President George Bush's plans for a new antiballistic missile treaty.
The Bush Administration has announced its intention of breaking out of the antiballistic missile treaty of 1972, which bans antinuclear defenses, and the Russians have answered that if this treaty is abandoned the whole framework of nuclear arms control built up over thirty years may collapse.
His endorsement of new antiballistic missile defenses is not based on a serious discussion of the threat from rogue states, perhaps because he advocates defenses that could stop "established non-rogue nuclear powers" as well.
Critics have warned that even this scaled-back approach would violate the 1972 Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty and prompt other countries to ratchet up their own missile programs; last year, the Los Angeles Times reported that, according to a CIA-led intelligence assessment, deploying a missile shield could set off a series of military and political ripple effects, including a nuclear arms race in China, India, Pakistan, and the Middle East.
This interview with 74-year-old inventor and entrepreneur Paul Baran sheds light on the origins of the Internet as well as some of the political/technical considerations that went into antiballistic missile defense at the height of the Cold War.
Worse still, they make it more difficult for the United States and especially Russia to agree on NMD and the future of the Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty.
* Peace: Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld threw down the gauntlet when he told the Senate Armed Services Committee that the 1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty is "ancient history;" all but declaring his attention to destroy it.
Congress launched OTA in 1972 after a slew of acrid debates on topics ranging from the antiballistic missile treaty to DDT to supersonic transport.