anthracosis


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Related to anthracosis: asbestosis, silicosis

anthracosis

 [an″thrah-ko´sis]
a type of coal workers' pneumoconiosis due to inhalation of coal dust not containing silica.

an·thra·co·sis

(an'thră-kō'sis),
Pneumonoconiosis from accumulation of carbon from inhaled smoke or coal dust in the lungs.
See also: pneumomelanosis.
Synonym(s): collier lung, miner's lung (1)
[anthraco- + G. -osis, condition]

anthracosis

(ăn′thrə-kō′sĭs)

anthracosis

(1) Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis.  
(2) A generic term for any blackening of tissues, especially of the lungs.

anthracosis

Pulmonology A generic term for blackening of tissues, often understood to mean carbon dust deposition in the lung and lymph nodes, which does not itself cause disease, and is usually present in urban dwellers, and in those working in certain occupations–eg, coal mining. See coal workers' pneumoconiosis.

an·thra·co·sis

(an'thră-kō'sis)
Pneumonoconiosis from accumulation of carbon from inhaled smoke or coal dust in the lungs.
Synonym(s): collier's lung, melanedema, miner's lung (1) .
[anthraco- + G. -osis, condition]

anthracosis

A chronic lung disease resulting from repeated inhalation of coal dust. Inflammation of the lungs with extensive fibrous tissue formation leads to a reduction in lung function and sometimes severe disability.
References in periodicals archive ?
The laboratory supervisor was blinded to bronchoscopy results in terms of bronchial anthracosis.
In this study, of 514 people with respiratory symptoms who underwent bronchoscopy, 207 (40.2%) had anthracotic lesions in the bronchi (case group) and 307 patients (59.7%) did not have bronchial anthracosis (control group).
On bronchoscopic evaluation, diffuse anthracosis was found to be present in the right and left bronchial systems.
Anthracosis is mostly seen in coal miners due to accumulation of coal dust in the lungs, but it can also result from exposure to air pollution, biomass pollution, or cigarette smoke.
Association between Indoor Smoke Exposure Due to Traditional Baking and Anthracosis (Control from Surgical Ward)
This study aims to investigate the clinical, radiographic, and bacteriologic findings in patients with bronchial anthracosis.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of mediastinal lymph node anthracosis in cancer patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA.
The main cause of anthracosis is unknown, however, prolonged contact with fossil fuel emissions has frequently been reported.
The remaining lung tissue was soft, tan, and gray, with a small amount of anthracosis without any additional mass lesions.
Seven patients were diagnosed with anthracosis and 15 patients who developed radiological improvement in the follow-up were diagnosed with pneumonia.
Examination of the coelomic organs were normal in 42 birds with findings of white foci in kidneys (1 bird), enlarged spleen (1 bird), and mild anthracosis in the lungs (3 birds).
In present study the most type of pigmentation in lymph nodes was of Anthracosis and hemosiderosis.In cases of lymphadenitis mononuclear cells and eosinophil were observed.