anthocyanins


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Related to anthocyanins: Flavonoids

an·tho·cy·a·nins

(an'thō-sī'ă-ninz),
A group of floral pigments, existing as glycosides in combination with glucose or cellobiose molecules, which range from red to blue and are often pH dependent; soluble in water and alcohol but not in ether. Anthocyanins's are divided into derivatives of pelargonidin, cyanidins, and delphinidins. Some have been used as hematoxylin substitutes.
[G. anthos, flower, + kyanos, a blue substance]

anthocyanins

a group of water-soluble pigments that are responsible for most reds, purples and blues in plants, particularly in flowers but also in leaves, stems and fruits.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sample containing trehalose had approximately the same anthocyanin content, at 172.
Subsequently, five anthocyanins and seven anthoxanthins compositions were separated and characterized (Fig.
Three new studies provide further insight on the potential of anthocyanins to help reduce risks of type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegeneration.
The other thing to bear in mind from a medicinal viewpoint is that anthocyanins are only found in the skins of berries, and because the fermentation process of white wine doesn't include the use of the skins, any beneficial effect will only be seen with the red variety.
3,8) All of these pigments are more resistant to oxidation and bleaching by sulfur dioxide (S02) than individual anthocyanins and tend to increase as a wine matures, accounting for the majority of color in older wines.
The molecular structure and concentration of anthocyanins in berries determine their bioactivities.
However, the high cost of therapeutically effective dose of concentrated anthocyanins has limited consumer interest and awareness.
Flavones are found in fresh parsley and thyme, celery, and celery hearts; flavonones, in lemons, oranges, and grapefruit; anthocyanins, in berries, plums, red grapes, and red wine; and flavonols, in yellow onions, kale, leeks, and broccoli.
In cocoa, three groups of polyphenols are identified, these are catechins or flavan-3-ols (37% or 370 g/kg), anthocyanins (4% or 40 g/kg) and proanthocyanidins or leucoanthocyanins (58% or 580 g/kg) [6].
We have been investigating Montmorency tart cherries for several years because they're a unique fruit with a high concentration of anthocyanins," said Glyn Howatson from the department of sport, exercise and rehabilitation at the Northumbria University.
Usually, coloured flowers contains higher [beta]-carotene content and it was evident from the study by Tatsuzawa et al [18] Matsui and Nakamura [19] that combination of anthocyanins and carotenoids might control the different varieties of petal colors in the range of orange, red, pink, purple etc.