anthocyanin


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anthocyanin

A phytochemical present in high concentrations in blueberries, cherries and plums, which may relieve arthritis and protect grey matter.
 
Botany
A blue, purple or red accessory pigment found in plants. Anthocyanins are water-soluble glucosides that are not directly involved in photosynthesis and can mask the green of chlorophyll, giving the plant a red-purple colour.

anthocyanin

(an″thŏ-sī′ă-nĭn) [Gr. anthos, flower + cyano- + -in]
Any of several water-soluble pigments found in berries, grapes, and other fruits and vegetables as they ripen. All of them are antioxidants and belong to a class of compounds called flavonoids.
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References in periodicals archive ?
For the anthocyanin content in Malbec grapes, S-ABA treatments at 400 or 600 mg [L.sup.-1] were the most effective, leading to an increase between 117 and 192%.
The report predicts the global anthocyanin market to grow with a CAGR of 4.2% over the forecast period from 2019-2025.
The total anthocyanin content of extracts was determined with the pH differential absorbance method, as described by Cheng and Breen, and expressed as [micro]g cyaniding-3-glucoside equivalents (CGE) per g dry weight of the fruit.
Color, monomeric anthocyanins and total phenolic content were monitored.
The discrepancy between the two methods for a given wine will depend on anthocyanin concentration, among other factors.
Research shows that anthocyanins may help fight cardiovascular disease.
Vanessa Garcia-Larsen, Ph.D., from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, and colleagues examined the correlation between dietary intake of anthocyanin and lung function decline in 463 adults from two cohorts from England and Norway.
'The most interesting results of our study relate to cyanidin, which is an anthocyanin found abundantly in wild bilberry, blackcurrant and lingonberry,' said lead author Minna Rahnasto-Rilla, from the varsity.
The search terms used were "Anthocyanin" OR "Anthocyanin supplementation" OR "Anthocyanin extract", AND "Dyslipidemia" OR "Hyperlipidemia", OR "Hypercholesterolemia", OR "Hypertriglyceridemia" OR "cholesterol" OR "triglyceride" OR "high-density lipoprotein" OR "low density lipoprotein" OR "apolipoprotein A-1" OR "apolipoprotein B" OR "hs-CRP" OR "IL-6" OR "TNF-[infinity]".
As it can be seen from Table 1, in all plum juices, the predominant anthocyanin was C3R.
The commercial acai extract was divided into flasks of 100, 250, and 350 mg of lyophilized anthocyanin powder to produce the concentrations of 10%, 25%, and 35%, respectively.