anterolateral thoracotomy

anterolateral thoracotomy

a surgical technique in which entry to the chest is made with an incision below the breast but above the costal margins. The incision involves the pectoralis, serratus anterior, and intercostal muscles. Compare median sternotomy, posterolateral thoracotomy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patient kept in left lateral position and left anterolateral thoracotomy done.
If the patient presents in extremis, an anterolateral thoracotomy remains the recommended approach to achieve control and stabilise the patient.
Surgical exploration via an anterolateral thoracotomy showed a viscous loculated material compressing the right ventricle and the right atrium anterolaterally along with a thickened pericardium.
In the remaining 16 patients (Group B), pericardiectomy was performed via a left anterolateral thoracotomy in the fifth intercostal space.
The approaches described for pericardiectomy include left anterolateral thoracotomy, median ster-notomy, a U incision with the base of U lying at the sternal border and bilateral thoracotomy.
The left anterolateral thoracotomy was performed through the fifth intercostals space with the patient tilted slightly to the right.
The two most frequently used surgical approaches for the pericardiectomy are median sternotomy and left anterolateral thoracotomy.
15 On the other hand, the left anterolateral thoracotomy offers excellent exposure of the anterolateral and inferior aspects of the left ventricle with minimal manipula-tion and retraction of the heart.
5 However, fa-tal bleeding caused by a tear in the right atrium or the caval veins during operation performed by left anterolateral thoracotomy has been reported but is not encountered commonly.
Anterolateral thoracotomy is the standard approach to the thoracolumbar spine and this requires an opening in the pleural cavity.
The only curative treatment is surgical resection of the tumor, which can be accomplished via sternotomy, anterolateral thoracotomy, clamshell incision or sternotomy accompanied by anterolateral thoracotomy (Hemiclamshell incision).

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