anterior drawer test


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Related to anterior drawer test: posterior drawer test, pivot shift test, Lachman test

anterior drawer test

Orthopedics A test for evaluating anterior cruciate ligament integrity. See Anterior cruciate ligament.

an·te·ri·or draw·er test

(an-tēr'ē-ŏr drōr test)
Maneuver used to assess the integrity of the anterior cruciate ligament at the knee or the anterior talofibular ligament at the ankle.

anterior drawer test

1. Knee: A test for anterior cruciate ligament rupture. It is positive if anterior glide of the tibia is increased.
2. Ankle: A test for stability of the anterior talofibular ligament of the ankle. It is positive if movement is increased as the examiner grasps the heel with one hand and the distal tibia with the other and draws the heel forward.
Synonym: anterior drawer sign.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the anterior drawer test, the variation in AM bundle diameter showed small differences in the translation at all flexion angles, although translation values increased as the diameter increased at all flexion angles (Figure 5(a)).
The anterior drawer test can be used, but its low accuracy must be considered in making an assessment.
The Qualitative Descriptive Characteristics of Players (a) Variable Right Foot Left Foot Dominant leg 87(82.1) 19 (17.9) History of previous ankle injury One injury 19 (17.9) 18 (17) Two injuries 16 (15.1) 6(5.7) More than two injuries 9(8.5) 10 (9.4) History of recurrent previous injury 7(6.6) 8 (7.5) Positive Anterior Drawer Test 30 (30) 21 (21) Positive Talar Tilt Test 14 (14) 16 (16) Positive Single-Leg Balance Test 28 (26.4) 24 (22.6) FPI-6 Normal 52 (52) 46 (46) Excessive pronation 44 (44) 51(51) Excessive supination 4(4) 3(3) (a) Values are expressed as No.
OF PATIENTS PERCENTAGE (YRS) (BPTB; STG) 18-24 14(05;10) 44.11% 25-31 09(02;07) 26.41% 32-38 05(03;02) 14.7% 39-45 05(02;03) 14.7% Table 2: Average Lysholm Score (n=34) AVERAGE LYSHOLM DURATION SCORE (BPTB;STG) Preop (n=34) 56.44 (54.1;57.6) 3 months (n=34) 79.9 (78.5;80.7) 6 months (n=34) 88.1 (86.5;89.0) 1 year (n=26) 92.92 (93.5;92.4) 18 months (n=19) 94.73 (95.8;93.7) 2 years (n=4) 94.0 (97.5;90.5) Table 3: Average IKDC Score DURATION AVERAGE IKDC SCORE Preop (n=34) 54.94 (53.6;55.63) 3 months (n=30) 75.5 (73.0;76.18) 6 months (n=30) 85.5 (83.9;86.36) 1 year (n=21) 89.38 (90.3;88.54) 18 months (n=20) 95 (95.44;94.0) 2 years 94 (98,93) Table 4: Anterior Drawer Test at 3 Months Follow-up (n=34) TEST RESULT NO.
Instability was assessed using anterior drawer test, Lachman test and pivot shift test.
The double-bundle group also was significantly more stable with Lachman and anterior drawer tests, as compared to the single-bundle reconstruction group.
Anterior drawer test. Correlation of sensitivity and specificity for the anterior drawer test was positive (6 studies); thus, no SROC curve was estimated.
After the resection, anterior instability was confirmed by an anterior drawer test. Finally, the articular capsule and skin were sutured after the joint cavity was irrigated with physiological saline solution, and the animals were allowed free cage activity postoperatively.
Summary IRs with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for examinations of ACL injuries were as follows: composite examination (specific maneuvers not delineated): LR+ = 25.0 (95% CI, 2.1-306.2), LR- = 0.04 (95% CI, 0.01-0.48); the Lachman test: LR+ = 25.0 05% CI, 2.7 - 651), LR - = 0.1 (95% CI, 0.0 - 0.4); anterior drawer test: LR+ = 3.8 (95% CI, 0.7 - 22.0), LR- = 0.3 (95% CI, 0.05 - 1.50); and pivot shift stress test: LR+ = 42 (95% CI, 2.7 - 651.0) and LR- = 0.1 (95% CI, 0.0-0.4).
On examination of the left ankle, anterior drawer test was positive and pain increased on dorsiflexion of the foot.

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