Even so, they note that their study confirms the previously reported association between physical abuse and intrauterine growth restriction and reveals an association with antepartum hemorrhage
and perinatal death.
In a study to assess the maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with placenta praevia and antepartum hemorrhage
(APH), they compared women with a diagnosed placenta praevia who did not bleed.
Among the various risk factors maternal age, illiteracy, rural residence, poverty, joint family setup, history of PROM, previous low birth weight babies, history of antepartum hemorrhage
, multiparity, previous perinatal loss, previous premature babies, threaten abortion, were the prominent risk factors found in majority of cases.
Another study by Lira J and NayeRL found that woman around 35 years age were at greater risk27.This contradiction can be explained by our cultural trend of marriages and start of reproductive life in our women at a younger age group Regarding presentation, majority of patients were symptomatic (89%) having history of antepartum hemorrhage
between 24 36+ weeks of gestation (74.3%) which is correlated with the study by Ashraf R17 .
INTRODUCTION: Antepartum hemorrhage
(APH) is defined as bleeding from or in to the genital tract, occurring from 24+0 weeks of pregnancy and prior to the birth of the baby.
Keywords: Antepartum hemorrhage
, Grand multipara, Maternal mortality, Multiparty, Obstetric complications, Postpartum hemorrhage.
Other common causes of referral were malpresentations, fetal distress, antepartum hemorrhage
and obstructed labor.
The researchers determined the cardiac arrest rate among women with various coexisting conditions, and found the following: hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (27%), postpartum hemorrhage (25%), antepartum hemorrhage
(16%), amniotic fluid embolism (14%), cardiomyopathy (13%), anesthetic complications (9%), sepsis (8%), aspiration pneumonitis (8%), and venous thromboembolism (7%).
In Group 2, there was one case of acute renal failure, 3 cases of antepartum hemorrhage
and 1 case of postpartum hemorrhage.
due to placental abruption was most prevelant due to the fact that strict adherence to PPH management protocols and routine active management of third stage of labor prevents PPH in patients delivered at our hospital.
Women were ineligible if they had ruptured membranes, had antepartum hemorrhage
, were in active labor (defined as having a cervix diameter of greater than 3 cm), or had suspected chorioamnionitis.