Even so, they note that their study confirms the previously reported association between physical abuse and intrauterine growth restriction and reveals an association with antepartum hemorrhage
and perinatal death.
Women with placenta previa and antepartum hemorrhage
have a worse outcome than those who do not bleed before delivery.
Identified risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage were Asian race, maternal blood disorders, prior postpartum hemorrhage, history of retained placenta, multiple pregnancy, antepartum hemorrhage
, genital tract lacerations, macrosomia (>4 kg), labor induction, chorioamnionitis, intrapartum hemorrhage, still birth, compound fetal presentation, epidural anesthesia, prolonged first/second stage of labor, and forceps delivery after a failed vacuum.
66%), antepartum hemorrhage
and premature rupture of membranes in 12 (20%) patients.
Similarly GMP group had pregnancy induced hypertension, malpresentation, gestational diabetes, antepartum hemorrhage
and placental abruption significantly higher as compared to MP group (p value was less than 0.
INTRODUCTION: Antepartum hemorrhage
(APH) is defined as bleeding from or in to the genital tract, occurring from 24+0 weeks of pregnancy and prior to the birth of the baby.
due to placental abruption was most prevelant due to the fact that strict adherence to PPH management protocols and routine active management of third stage of labor prevents PPH in patients delivered at our hospital.
Women were ineligible if they had ruptured membranes, had antepartum hemorrhage
, were in active labor (defined as having a cervix diameter of greater than 3 cm), or had suspected chorioamnionitis.
Other common causes of referral were malpresentations, fetal distress, antepartum hemorrhage
and obstructed labor.
In Group 2, there was one case of acute renal failure, 3 cases of antepartum hemorrhage
and 1 case of postpartum hemorrhage.