antenatal diagnosis

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Related to antenatal diagnosis: prenatal diagnosis, Antenatal screening

pre·na·tal di·ag·no·sis

diagnosis using procedures available for the recognition of diseases and malformations in utero, and the conclusion reached.
Synonym(s): antenatal diagnosis


(di?ag-no'sis) (-no'sez?) plural.diagnoses [Gr. diagnosis, discernment],


1. A disease or syndrome a person has or is believed to have.
2. The use of scientific or clinical methods to establish the cause and nature of a person's illness or injury and the functional impairment it produces. The diagnosis forms the basis for patient care.

antenatal diagnosis

Prenatal diagnosis.

clinical diagnosis

Identification of a disease by history, physical examination, laboratory studies, and radiological studies.

cytological diagnosis

Identification of a disease based on cells present in body tissues or exudates.

differential diagnosis

Identification of a condition, disease, or illness by comparison with others that share some features, signs, and symptoms of the presenting disease but differ in some critical ways.

dual diagnosis

The presence of mental illness in a patient with a history of concurrent substance abuse.

diagnosis by exclusion

A presumptive diagnosis made by excluding diseases in the differential diagnosis, leaving one as the most likely of the alternatives even though the diagnosis is not established unequivocally.

first-listed diagnosis

Primary diagnosis.

medical diagnosis

1. The identification of the cause of the patient's illness or discomfort.
2. The process of determining the unique cause of a patient's illness.

noninvasive prenatal diagnosis

Abbreviation: NIPD
Any test used to identify birth defects that relies on the analysis of blood or easily obtained body fluids.

nursing diagnosis

See: nursing diagnosis

oral diagnosis

The area of dentistry devoted to the compilation and study of the patient's dental history and a detailed clinical examination of the oral tissues and radiographs to assess oral health, with the object of developing a treatment plan to restore tooth structure and proper occlusion and to promote healing and better oral health.

pathological diagnosis

Determination of the cause or causes of an illness by examining fluids and tissues from the patient before or after death. The examination may be performed on blood, plasma, microscopic tissue samples, or gross specimens.
See: autopsy; pathology

physical diagnosis

Identification of an illness or abnormality by looking at, listening to, percussing, or palpating the patient. In contemporary health care, amid much controversy, diagnostic imaging, e.g., ultrasound, has replaced many traditional physical diagnostic skills.

physical therapydiagnosis

1. The clinical classification by a physical therapist of a patient's impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities.
2. The use of data obtained by physical therapy examination and other relevant information to determine the cause and nature of a patient's impairments, functional limitations, and disabilities. This information is used by the physical therapist to set goals and establish a plan of care.

preimplantation genetic diagnosis

In assisted reproduction, the testing of a fertilized egg for heritable illnesses before the ovum is inserted into the female.

prenatal diagnosis

Identification of disease or congenital defects of the fetus during gestation. A growing number of pathological conditions can be diagnosed by analyses of maternal blood and such tests as chorionic villi sampling, ultrasound, embryoscopy, amniocentesis, and fetoscopy. Thus, the gender, inherited characteristics, and current status of the fetus can be identified as early as the first trimester, helping parents in their decision-making if findings indicate an incurable disorder. Mid-trimester and last trimester tests provide information regarding the physical characteristics of the fetus and placenta, and analysis of amniotic fluid allows estimation of fetal age and maturity and may improve intrauterine management of treatable disorders.
Synonym: antenatal diagnosis See: prenatal surgery

primary diagnosis

Diagnosis of the most important disease or underlying disease afflicting a patient.
Synonym: first-listed diagnosis

radiographic diagnosis

Identification of an illness by the interpretation of radiographic findings.

serological diagnosis

Identification of an illness through a serological test such as that for syphilis or typhoid.

tongue diagnosis

In traditional Chinese medicine, the methodical evaluation of the appearance of the patient's tongue to determine the cause of a complaint or syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hsieh, "Antenatal diagnosis and early surgery for choledochal cyst: a report of two cases," Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei), vol.
(2000) The impact of antenatal diagnosis on the effectiveness and timing of counselling for cleft lip and palate.
Only 13% of mothers in this study received an antenatal diagnosis which was significantly lower than the 45% reported in the UK wide CLAPA survey of 2006.
Finally, antenatal diagnosis of HIV infection and the availability of potent and combined antiretroviral therapy to treat HIV have resulted in reduced transmission rates to infants born in the UK and Ireland.
After background on the physiology of menstruation and menorrhagia, the book covers genetic and laboratory diagnosis, antenatal diagnosis, obstetric management, analgesia and anesthesia for pregnant women with inherited bleeding disorders, and the newborn.
Antenatal diagnosis is important to organize neonatal, cardiovascular, and pediatric surgery team.
(3) Fetal MRI can be performed to confirm the antenatal diagnosis. MRI and MRA can aid in diagnosis, as well as in identifying the major arterial supply and venous anatomy.
Antenatal diagnosis should be proposed to couples in whom the male partner (as well as the female) is carrying a translocation.
In cases in which no antenatal diagnosis has been made, life-threatening upper airway obstruction does not become evident until birth.
The possibility of a requirement for long-term ventilatory support should be discussed with families at antenatal diagnosis. A conservative surgical approach, together with early monitoring for hypoventilation and screening for the development of pulmonary hypertension is indicated for these children to limit morbidity.
All samples were collected at the Antenatal Diagnosis Unit of the University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands, into non-gel-barrier Vacutainer Tubes.
Many questions ate raised when an antenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis is made, including the possibility of in utero intervention, delivery route and the need for tertiary care (16).