As a second option, a 20 G needle may be used to create a puncture in the proximal stricture site while the tip of the needle is observed via antegrade
cystoscopy to define the exact site for anastomosis.
These difficulties were resolved by using the technique described by placement of three antegrade
guide wires buried deep to the articular surface.
Release of cardiac troponin I in antegrade
crystalloid versus cold blood cardioplegia.
Flexible cystoscopy and flexible urethroscopy is performed and a guidewire is placed antegrade
Dr Al Nooryani, who is also the C head of the cardiac surgery department at the hospital, told Khaleej Times C that the retrograde approach was mainly beneficial when the normal C procedure called antegrade
fails in making a frontal crossing of a wire in severely blocked arteries (chronic coronary total occlusion).
The presence of sperm is also documented as present or absent, and the count is graded if present [10-11] as good, fair, or poor based on total motile sperm (TMS) per ejaculate, including antegrade
and/or retrograde fractions.
biliary drainage: A nonoperative approach to biliary obstruction.
This form of amnesia is more uncommon than antegrade
amnesia which is the loss of memory of events after an incident, which in its most common form, is black-outs due to excessive alcohol.
This may include: failure of seminal emission due to sympathetic nerve damage sustained through trauma or surgery; multiple sclerosis or diabetes that may result in peripheral interference with the nerves required for ejaculation and hence poor antegrade
ejaculation; or anejaculation in spinal cord injury.
Myocardial protection during aortic crossclamping was achieved by combined antegrade
and retrograde, cold, multiple dose hyperkalemic cardioplegia: 1000-1200 mL of cold (6-8 [degrees]C) St.
Individuals1 and single centers1 have reported initial success with the technique, which is often tried after a traditional antegrade
vascular approach from above the knee fails.
While "stentless" pyeloplasty has gained popularity over the years, (1,2) concerns regarding prolonged urinary leak, risk of impaired postoperative antegrade
flow due to edema, and need for a secondary procedures have supported the use of stent drainage following pyeloplasty.