antagonism


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Related to antagonism: Antagonism in Biology

an·tag·o·nism

(an-tag'ŏ-nizm),
1. Denoting mutual opposition in action among structures, agents, diseases, or physiologic processes. Compare: synergism.
2. A situation in which the combined effect of two or more factors is smaller than the solitary effect of any one of the factors.
Synonym(s): mutual resistance
[G. antagōnisma, from anti, against, + agōnizomai, to fight, fr. agōn, a contest]

antagonism

(ăn-tăg′ə-nĭz′əm)
n.
Biochemistry Interference in the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure.

antagonism

An interaction between chemicals or therapeutic agents, in which one substance partially or completely inhibits or counteracts the effect of the other.

an·tag·o·nism

(an-tag'ŏ-nizm)
1. Denoting mutual opposition in action between structures, agents, diseases, or physiologic processes.
Compare: synergism
2. The situation in which the combined effect of two or more factors is smaller than the solitary effect of any one of the factors.
Synonym(s): mutual resistance.
[G. antagōnisma, from anti, against, + agōnizomai, to fight, fr. agōn, a contest]

antagonism

  1. the inhibiting or nullifying action of one substance or organism on another, e.g. the antibiotic effect of penicillin, or the exhaustion of a food supply by one organism at the expense of another.
  2. the normal opposition between certain muscles (see ANTAGONISTIC MUSCLE).
References in periodicals archive ?
Some contradictions are characterized by open antagonism, others are not.
Berardi's discussion of the antagonism of semiocapitalism, and the solidarities that must be formed to combat it, leans against a much broader shift that has occurred on the critical Left in recent years.
As indicated in Table 1, dual culture of Lasiodiplodia theobromae and Fusarium sambucinum with five species of Aspergillus resulted to fungistatic antagonism, wherein the non-phytopathogenic fungi were the aggressors and the phytopathogenic molds were the victims.
Among all [SIGMA]FICs calculated for each microplate, the FICI was determined as the lowest [SIGMA]FIC ([SIGMA][FIC.sub.min]) when synergy is supposed, or the highest [SIGMA]FIC ([SIGMA][FIC.sub.max]) when antagonism is evident.
Under the contract, both firms will develop educational programmes and resources for patients and healthcare providers, including interactive online chats on TLR antagonism and opportunities to participate in new clinical research.
I suspect all this comes down to personal antagonism. Ashley is well-known for his contempt for journalists and has built his fortune without them.
It was observed that this pathetic antagonism collapsed and yet was camouflaged with democracy in the Egyptian coup.
"Actions such as strengthening anti-missile (defenses) will intensify antagonism and will not be beneficial to finding a solution for the problem," Hong said.
If children, adolescents and older youngsters who instead of associating, take sticks and stones in their hands and leave to mark their territory, it is clear that politics is involved and wandering in a black hole called hatred, violence, antagonism, bloodshed.
Against the criticism that Rousseau's "general will" is a homogenizing principle, Inston insists that Rousseau's conception of democracy possess the structural incompleteness and openness to antagonism necessary to avoid stagnation and tyranny.
Ever since the establishment of an Israeli state in 1948, both sides have struggled to forge a peaceful co-existence amid deep-seated mutual antagonism, stalled negotiations and violent clashes, the most recent of which cost more than 150 lives this month.
(4) But what gets lost with this 'ontic' account of politics or la politique as strategic action, important as it may be, is the strongly conflictual, 'ontological' concept of the political: antagonism.