Shapira, "Loss of emotional insight in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia or "frontal anosodiaphoria
"," Consciousness and Cognition, vol.
In Babinski-Anton Syndrome (11 June 1914) there is anosognosia (hemiplegia is not perceived) or anosodiaphoria
(the patient is indifferent to the deficit).
Lack of insight may result from the psychological defense mechanism of denial, but can figure prominently in certain neurological conditions--anosognosia (lack of awareness of a problem) and anosodiaphoria
(lack of affective response to dysfunction) are examples.
Besides primary motor system dysfunction, the sources of this variability may include conditions such as apraxia, depression, anosodiaphoria
, and learned nonuse and are beyond the purview of this phase II clinical trial.
It is often accompanied by various 'related disorders': anosognosia, anosodiaphoria, non-belonging, visual-field defects, and gaze paresis.
Anosognosia (denial or lack of awareness of a hemiparesis), anosodiaphoria (indifference to perceived weakness) and non-belonging (a feeling that an affected limb did not belong to the individual) were assessed using the method described by Cutting |7, 19~.
Patients with a left hemisphere stroke appeared more difficult to assess for visual neglect, tactile extinction, allaesthesia, anosognosia, anosodiaphoria and non-belonging, probably owing to dysphasia.
Neglect phenomena appeared to be more frequently associated with right hemisphere damage, as were anosognosia and anosodiaphoria.
She did not appear to suffer from anosognosia, somatoparaphrenia, and anosodiaphoria, given that she was very disappointed that her left side did not move after the operation.
They were willing to participate in rehabilitation and therefore did not have anosognosia, somatoparaphrenia, or anosodiaphoria. MMT scores for these five patients just after their operations were 0-1 or 1-2, and after three month's rehabilitation, four patients out of five showed improvements in scores (MM's score was mentioned above, IM: 1-2, MN: 4, and HM: 4-5).