anomaly


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

anomaly

 [ah-nom´ah-le]
marked deviation from normal. adj., adj anom´alous.
Axenfeld's anomaly a developmental anomaly characterized by a circular opacity of the posterior peripheral cornea, and caused by an irregularly thickened, axially displaced Schwalbe's ring.
congenital anomaly (developmental anomaly) absence, deformity, or excess of body parts as the result of faulty development of the embryo.
Ebstein's anomaly see ebstein's anomaly.
May-Hegglin anomaly a rare dominantly inherited disorder of blood cell morphology, characterized by RNA-containing cytoplasmic inclusions (similar to Döhle bodies) in granulocytes, by large, poorly granulated platelets, and by thrombocytopenia.

a·nom·a·ly

(ă-nom'ă-lē),
A birth defect caused by a structural abnormality or a marked deviation from the average or norm; anything that is structurally unusual or irregular or contrary to a general rule for example, a congenital defect. There are four clinically significant types of anomaly: malformation, disruption, deformation, and dysplasia.
[G. anōmalia, irregularity]

anomaly

/anom·a·ly/ (ah-nom´ah-le) marked deviation from normal, especially as a result of congenital or hereditary defects.anom´alous
Alder's anomaly  an autosomal dominant condition in which leukocytes of the myelocytic series, and sometimes all leukocytes, contain coarse azurophilic granules.
Chédiak-Higashi anomaly  see under syndrome.
congenital anomaly  a developmental anomaly present at birth.
developmental anomaly 
1. a structural abnormality of any type.
2. a defect resulting from imperfect embryonic development.
Ebstein's anomaly  a malformation of the tricuspid valve, usually associated with an atrial septal defect.
Enlarge picture
Ebstein's anomaly, showing displacement of the septal and posterior leaflets of the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle and accompanied by a patent foramen ovale.
May-Hegglin anomaly  an autosomal dominant disorder of blood cell morphology, characterized by RNA-containing cytoplasmic inclusions (similar to Döhle bodies) in granulocytes, by large, poorly granulated platelets, and by thrombocytopenia.
Pelger's nuclear anomaly  Pelger-Huët nuclear a. (1).
Pelger-Huët nuclear anomaly 
1. a hereditary or acquired defect in which the nuclei of neutrophils and eosinophils appear rodlike, spherical, or dumbbell-shaped; the nuclear structure is coarse and lumpy.
2. an acquired condition with similar features, occurring in certain anemias and leukemias.

anomaly

[ənom′əlē]
Etymology: Gk, anomalos, irregular
1 a deviation from what is regarded as normal.
2 a congenital malformation, such as the absence of a limb or the presence of an extra finger. anomalous, adj.

anomaly

An abnormal thing; a marked deviation from the norm or a standard, especially due to a congenital (birth or hereditary) defect.

anomaly

An abnormal thing Pediatrics A marked deviation from the norm or a standard, especially due to a congenital–birth or hereditary defect. See Alder-Reilly anomaly, May-Hegglin anomaly, Pelger-Huët anomaly, Pseudo-Chediak-Higashi anomaly, Pseudo-Pelger-Huët anomaly.

a·nom·a·ly

(ă-nom'ă-lē)
A birth defect caused by a structural abnormality or a marked deviation from the average or normal standard; anything that is structurally unusual, irregular, or contrary to a general rule, especially a congenital defect.
[G. anōmalia, irregularity]

anomaly

Anything differing from the normal.

anomaly

deviation from the norm, i.e. anything structurally unusual, irregular or contrary to the general rule

a·nom·a·ly

(ă-nom'ă-lē)
Birth defect caused by structural abnormality or marked deviation from the average or norm; anything structurally unusual or irregular or contrary to a general rule e.g., a congenital defect.
[G. anōmalia, irregularity]

anomaly (ənom´əlē),

n an aberration or deviation from normal anatomic growth, development, or function.
anomaly, dental,
n an abnormality in which a tooth or teeth have deviated from normal in form, function, or position.
anomaly, developmental
n 1. an abnormality originating in fetal development.
2. deficiencies or imperfections occurring in the teeth as a consequence of irregular tooth growth.
anomaly, dysgnathic
n an older term for an abnormality that extends beyond the teeth and includes the maxillae, the mandible, or both.
anomaly, eugnathic
n an older term for an abnormality limited to the teeth and their immediate alveolar supports.
anomaly, gestant
n See odontoma.
anomaly, maxillofacial,
n a distortion of normal development of the face and jaws; a dysgnathic anomaly.
anomaly, oral,
n an abnormal structure of the oral cavity other than of the teeth.
anomaly, orofacial,
n a term indicating an oral or facial abnormality.
anomaly, root,
n a general term for describing any deviation from normal found in a tooth root.

anomaly

marked deviation from normal. For specific anomalies see under anatomical location.

developmental anomaly
absence, deformity or excess of body parts as the result of faulty development of the embryo.
lethal anomaly
a defect which is incompatible with life and leads to the natural death or euthanasia on humane grounds of the neonate concerned.
sex-limited anomaly
limited in its occurrence by the sex of the neonate, e.g. cryptorchidism.
sex-linked anomaly
the gene responsible for the defect is located on the X or the Y chromosome, the sex determinative ones.

Patient discussion about anomaly

Q. Is it a birth defect in children? I know about the causes of autism. Is it a birth defect in children?

A. it's not an easy answer i'm afraid...there are congenital differences, but no "birth defect" that we can detect. there's a good pdf file that gives a full explanation about it...i think you'll find it useful:
http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:U7PHTfTAZhYJ:www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/upload/autism_overview_2005.pdf+http://www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/upload/autism_overview_2005.pdf&hl=iw&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=il

More discussions about anomaly
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, the beam moves in the area of the material bounded by the fluid cover gas in order to locate a properly sized aperture or anomaly.
A Business Signatures white paper, co-authored by a banking security expert and reviewed by analysts and experts in the context of FFIEC compliance, describes the value of the new anomaly detection approach.
By contrast to the new anomaly in the West Batoto Zone the gold mineralization at East Batoto is defined by much lower IP response, low magnetic readings and higher resistivity.
5 kilometer long structurally controlled radiometric anomaly which occurs at the top of the Siegal Volcanics.
Drill evaluation of any high-priority airborne test survey magnetic anomaly targets.
The NR-2 anomaly is one of three anomalous areas in the North River district, and one of 22 priority gold soil anomalies discovered in 2004.
2 anomaly is up to 10 meters wide and extends up to 50 meters in depth.
The survey detected a strong, coherent arsenic, antimony, mercury, thallium and tungsten anomaly approximately 600 m by 1,200 m, and it may be open to the north and south.
The results of the regional sampling not only suggest that the new Alpha Trend is a better target than the Yirisen geochemical anomaly, they also highlight an additional target four kilometers south-southwest of previous drilling at Yirisen.
Anomaly 2 (as described in SJ Report, "Gravity Survey on the Hearne Channel Property," September, 2005) displays single-station gravity anomaly highs located on line 9-00N, 9-50N and 10-00N at station 2-00E.
The soil sampling and geophysical surveys over this area disclosed a distinct electrical anomaly (VLF) approximately 200m long, located along strike with mineralization found in a trench near high grade ( up to 33g/t gold ) mineralized boulders associated with the old mine workings .
The gold-in-soil anomaly is coincidental with a broad magnetic low within a mapped diorite intrusion.