The function of the superior retinaculum at the ankle is similar to the known annular ligaments
in the human body.
Open reduction of radial head and reconstruction of annular ligament
are accompanied by an increasing risk of functional deficits and radioulnar
On the palmar aspect of the fetlock, the digital fascia is reinforced by the palmar annular ligament
, which is fused with the proximal digital annular ligament
Vibration therapy via the Vibromax Therapeutics[TM] technique was employed over the radio-ulnar joint, annular ligament
, all symptomatic muscles and the facial chains of the upper limb.
It originates from the articular capsule in the region of the lateral condyle of the humerus, it crosses obliquely the cranial surface of the elbow joint and divides into cranial of long and caudal or short portions close to the annular ligament
. The cranial portion attaches to the proximal medial border of the radius, bypassing the tendons of insertion of the brachial muscle and biceps brachii muscle, and the caudal portion fuses with the cranial portion of the medial collateral ligament, this being the reason why biometric data were obtained only for the cranial portion of the oblique ligament (Table I).
The interposition of the annular ligament
has also been described as the cause of the irreducible anterior dislocation of the radial head.
The lateral collateral ligamentous complex consists of the radial collateral ligament, the lateral ulnar collateral ligament, the accessory lateral collateral ligament, and the annular ligament
. (15) Complete ligament tears demonstrate discontinuity of fibers and extracapsular contrast (Figure 12).
The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) complex consists of the annular ligament
, the radial collateral ligament, the lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL), and a variably present accessory LCL.
The facial recess was opened with a diamond bur, without causing injury to the annular ligament
or the chorda tympani.