annotation


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annotation

Bioinformatics A term of art referring to analysis and commentary added to sequence data in databases, which provide contextual information about coding and non-coding sequence within genes, patterning and motifs, similarities, known or predicted protein structure and function, and links to external data (e.g., clinical observations).
Informatics A critical or explanatory note, usually included in a bibliographical entry or reference, to provide additional data.

annotation

process used in GENOMICS for analysis of NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCES to identify the GENES (both PROTEIN-coding and protein non-coding, such as those for rRNA and tRNA), their regulatory sequences (see OPERON MODEL and their functions. Annotation also includes characterization of MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS and REPETITIVE DNA. See also BIOINFORMATICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
The annotations are specific comments and notes on a song's words, lines, or sections.
Based on previous studies, homework is not only helpful for enhancing individual learning, but it is a useful way to facilitate peer learning through sharing annotation progresses.
In section 4, we build a common process semantic annotation model (CPSAM) whose concepts are extracted from common and shared ontological concepts.
This observation suggests that the correlation between class labels can be very informative in the label prediction of image annotation.
0 supports annotation of the medium (acoustic, visual, or tactile) and the mode (voice, mouse, keyboard, pen, camera, etc.
Recently, motivated by the search technology, a data-driven annotation approach turns up to be effective [8, 9].
The connections between data, interpretations and hypotheses are captured in the form of annotations that are used by the scientific community for collaboration.
A major impediment to comparing gene expression data and subsequent data quality across platforms is resolving the annotation of the gene features arrayed on the chips.
The image annotations feature is also integrated with creative forms and workflow processes.
While the annotations offered are for the most part enlightening, they are uneven and at times even incomplete.
While letters and memoirs form the core of the book--and are very useful--, the short analytical essays that comprise the rest of the chapters, the extensive annotations, and the appendices all also offer a wealth of information and insight into Irish emigration prior to 1830 and a number of important questions related to that migration.