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annotation

Bioinformatics A term of art referring to analysis and commentary added to sequence data in databases, which provide contextual information about coding and non-coding sequence within genes, patterning and motifs, similarities, known or predicted protein structure and function, and links to external data (e.g., clinical observations).
Informatics A critical or explanatory note, usually included in a bibliographical entry or reference, to provide additional data.

annotation

process used in GENOMICS for analysis of NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCES to identify the GENES (both PROTEIN-coding and protein non-coding, such as those for rRNA and tRNA), their regulatory sequences (see OPERON MODEL and their functions. Annotation also includes characterization of MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS and REPETITIVE DNA. See also BIOINFORMATICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Unlike other works that truly deserve to be republished as annotated editions, Mein Kampf does not," Ronald Lauder, president of the World Jewish Congress, told (http://www.afp.com/en/news/angst-first-mein-kampf-reprints-hit-german-bookstores) Agence France-Presse .
In Lit Genius, for example, Shakespeare's plays are annotated at the scene level, but in the title browse, they are not gathered together by play title.
Another example, the activities: ' Check Items' and 'Verify Order' are annotated with the activity SCOR ontology 'Verify Product', i.e, 'kind_of Wf-Activity: Verify Product'.
On the other hand, Urdu is a recourse poor language (Mukund et al, 2010) and hence, the task of domain specific sentiment annotated lexicon construction for Urdu text poses many challenges.
Despite its breadth, the Annotated Catalogue becomes maximally useful only when read in tandem with two other catalogues: the fourth volume of Karin Breitner and Thomas Leibnitz, Katalog der Sammlung Anthony Hoboken in der Musiksammlung der Osterreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Tutzing: Hans Schneider, 1986); and George W.
In this paper we present an algorithm for semantic matching of web services annotated using SAWSDL.
It is the Only Knowledgebase that gets updated everyday with manually annotated relationships from the latest PubMed publications and contains more than more than 1388 Unique Drugs, 3907 Unique Diseases, 12490 Unique Proteins, and 3935 Unique Biological Processes.
This annotated bibliography reviews the professional literature published in English, from 1985 to 1995 inclusive, on the subject of the use of hypnosis with pediatric cancer patients.
Department of Education's Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention has developed this annotated bibliography to provide those interested in prevention at colleges and universities--and in surrounding communities--with a ready reference of current, important, and available information resources.
Klinger made his name with his remarkable, three volume, annotated Sherlock Holmes, which was packed with illustrations from 'The Strand' and fascinating facts about Holmes and his Victorian world.
Today, one imagines that most annotating is undertaken for "professional" as opposed to personal reasons: for example, I annotated Jackson's Romantic Readers to write this review, students annotate a biology textbook in preparation for an exam, etc.
The Annotated Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe Edited by Henry Louis Gates Jr.