anionic detergents


Also found in: Encyclopedia.

an·i·on·ic de·ter·gents

detergents, such as soaps (alkali metal salts of long-chain fatty acids), which carry a negative electric charge on a lipidlike molecule and exert a limited antibacterial effect.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, interactions with anionic detergents have been reported to decrease the tensile strength of elastin fibers (the major component of blood vessels) and to increase the susceptibility of insoluble elastin and collagen to enzymatic degradation [23-26].
The only specific colorimetric procedure available is that reported for sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) determination [29], while other residual surfactants have been evaluated by assays based on dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB), a reagent currently used for generic anionic detergent detection [22, 30, 31] as well as GAG determination.
Possible agents include bacterial toxins (e.g., Staphy-lococcus aureus enterotoxin and Bacillus cereus emetic toxin); mycotoxins (e.g., deoxynivalenol [DON], acetyl-deoxynivalenol, and other tricothecenes), trace metals, nonmetal ions (e.g., fluorine, bromine, and iodine), plant toxins (e.g., alkaloids such as solanines, opiates, ipecac, and ergot; lectins such as phytohemagglutinin; and glycosides), pesticides (e.g., pyrethrins, organophosphates, and chlorinated hydrocarbons), food additives (e.g., bromate, glutamate, nitrite, salicylate, sorbate, and sulfite), detergents (e.g., anionic detergents and quaternary amines), fat-soluble vitamins, spoilage factors (e.g., biogenic amines, putrefaction, and free fatty acids), or an unknown toxin.