As I show, internal variation of this sort is readily explained by factors of recent social change and does not signal a transformation from a dominant animist
ontology to one that is not animist
or vice versa.
A number of authors in Animism in Southeast Asia discuss the tension between the pre-Christian animist
beliefs and adopted new transnational religions like Christianity and Islam.
Without claiming to be exhaustive--how could so many peoples and cultures be summarised in some 300 pieces?--the exhibition nevertheless plots out a compelling journey, evoking by turn the hieratic nature of the tribal statuary of the animist
peoples and the complexity of the embroidered ikats--very similar to those of Borneo--from the southerly island, Mindanao, before ending in style with a look at the spread of Islam in the port cities of the south and among the sultanates.
Tensions are so high regarding the votes that could see the mainly Christian and animist
south secede from Sudan, dominated by Arab Muslims in the north, that there are fears the civil war that ended five years ago could be reignited.
In contrast to these notions of "human" as the negation of animal or as a species that comes into being by mastering or overcoming "the animal within," many animist
cultures understand human identity as that which can only come into being through a dialogical relationship with nonhuman nature (Ingold 114).
The referendum will determine whether-the mostly Christian and animist
Southern Sudan will have independence from the Arabic-speaking Muslim north.
In fact, the influence of Christianity is greatest among this group; while rural populations are mainly animist
. Islam itself is dominant in urban centres.
Egypt has been looking to improve ties with south Sudan ahead of a planned 2011 referendum that would determine whether the largely Christian and animist
south can secede from the Muslim north.
A 2005 peace deal to end a 22-year civil war between the largely Christian and animist
south Sudan and the mostly Muslim north, included autonomy for the South, a share in oil revenues and a path to independence via the referendum in January 2011.
But what if we approached our creative close encounters through the lens of an animist
or aboriginal understanding of the land?
Fierce competition for control of fertile farmlands between Christian and animist
indigenous groups and Muslim settlers from the north have repeatedly triggered unrest in the region over the past decade.
The latest bloodshed has rattled the 2005 peace deal that ended the civil war between the mainly Christian and animist
South, and the Muslim North, a conflict that left 1.5 million people dead and more than 4 million homeless.Aa