animal psychology


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to animal psychology: comparative psychology

an·i·mal psy·chol·o·gy

a branch of psychology concerned with the study of the behavior and physiologic responses of animal organisms as a means of understanding human behavior; some synonyms include comparative psychology, experimental psychology, and physiologic psychology.

psychology

(sī-kol′ŏ-jē) [ psych- + -logy]
The science dealing with mental processes, both normal and abnormal, and their effects upon behavior. There are two main approaches to the study: introspective, i.e., engaging in self-examination of one's own mental processes; and objective, studying of the minds of others.

abnormal psychology

The study of deviant behavior and the associated mental phenomena.

analytic psychology

Psychoanalysis based on the concepts of Carl Jung, de-emphasizing sexual factors in motivation and emphasizing the “collective unconscious” and “psychological types” (introvert and extrovert).

animal psychology

The study of animal behavior.

applied psychology

The application of the principles of psychology to special fields (e.g., clinical, industrial, educational, nursing, or pastoral).

clinical psychology

The branch of psychology concerned with diagnosing and treating mental disorders.

cognitive psychology

The study of the processes of reasoning and decision making.

criminal psychology

The branch of psychology concerned with the behavior and therapy of those convicted of crimes.

depth psychology

The psychology of unconscious behavior, as opposed to the psychology of conscious behavior.

dynamic psychology

Psychology of motivation; that which seeks the causes of mental phenomena.

experimental psychology

The study of mental acts by tests and experiments.

genetic psychology

The branch of psychology concerned with the inheritance of psychological characteristics.

gestalt psychology

Psychology that emphasizes the importance of the wholeness of psychological processes and behavior, rather than their components.

individual psychology

A system of psychological thinking developed by Alfred Adler in which an individual is regarded as having three life goals: physical security, sexual satisfaction, and social integration.

physiological psychology

Psychology that deals with the structure and function of the nervous system and other bodily organs and their relationship to behavior.

social psychology

The branch of psychology concerned with the study of groups and their influence on the individual's actions and mental processes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding the epistemology of Thorndike's theory, while Kohler explicitly acknowledged that perspective's contributions to the study of animal psychology, he nonetheless believed his studies of chimpanzees contradicted the principle of chance, especially in demonstrating the existence of a type of intelligent behavior that depends on situational structure: "if [in Thorndike's theory] the "natural fractions" were neither coherent with the structure of the situation, nor among themselves, then [Kohler's experiments showed] a coherence of the "curve of solution" in itself, and with the optical situation" (Kohler, 1925, pp.
Kohler's Book in Context: Animal Psychology in His Time
To assess the impact of Kohler's work at the Anthropoid Station in Tenerife on animal psychology in his time, particularly in the United States where animal research was well established, may be difficult.
That being said, this mutual recognition that their perspectives on intelligent behavior in apes aligned did not hide the fact that Yerkes's theoretical ideas developed in the tradition of American animal psychology, a perspective far-removed from Kohler's.
However, his ideas had minimal impact on our understanding of animal reasoning because they contradicted the S-R principle, which was the bedrock of animal psychology in the U.
Matters being as they were, it is not unusual that as some authors suggest (Gomez, 1989), we had to leave the confines of animal psychology and move into child psychology to find a conceptual domain for Kohler's work to be received enthusiastically, and that was thanks to Jean Piaget's (1896-1980) high opinion of the German psychologist's work.
Philosopher Daniel Dennett (1983) supported the position of Griffin, Burghardt and de Waal that appeals to mentalistic intentional states can be appropriate in a scientific animal psychology.
An animal psychology suite is being created at Birmingham Dogs Home to help humans understand the workings of the canine mind.
Portions of the study were presented at the 58th annual meeting of the Japanese Society for Animal Psychology held at Nagoya University in May, 1998.
60) wrote that Schiller "made especially important contributions to what might be called quantitative psychobiology because he combined the modem ethological point of view with a clear understanding of the quantitative American approach to animal psychology.
Some historical roots of present-day animal psychology.

Full browser ?