: A frequently forgotten disease.
Watten, "Sporadic anicteric leptospirosis
in South Vietnam: a study in 150 patients," Annals of Internal Medicine, vol.
It occurs as two clinically recognizable syndromes- most common is anicteric leptospirosis
, a self-limited illness that occurs in 85% to 90% of the cases and icteric leptospirosis or Weil's syndrome, a more serious, potentially fatal syndrome which occurs in 5% to 10% of the cases.
Although jaundice is a common clinical sign associated with leptospirosis, anicteric leptospirosis
is also reported as part of the acute febrile syndrome (11).
Three cases of anicteric leptospirosis
from Turkey: Mild to severe complications.
Acute pancreatitis in fatal anicteric leptospirosis
. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2007; 76:886-7.
Generally, anicteric leptospirosis
and icteric leptospirosis are the two types of infections that illustrate different signs and symptoms (5).
This is consistent with the recent study in a general population from Chennai that Anicteric leptospirosis
was the common clinical presentation.