angular cheilitis


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Related to angular cheilitis: perleche, angular stomatitis

cheilitis

 [ki-li´tis]
inflammation of the lips.
actinic cheilitis (cheilitis acti´nica) involvement of the lips after exposure to actinic rays, with pain and swelling and development of a scaly crust on the vermilion border; it may be acute or chronic. Called also solar cheilitis. (See Atlas 3, Part E.)
angular cheilitis single or multiple fissures and cracks at the corner of the mouth on one side or both sides, which in advanced stages may spread to the lips and cheeks. Causes include primary or superimposed infection with microorganisms such as Candida albicans, staphylococci, or streptococci; poor hygiene; drooling of saliva; overclosure of the jaws in patients without teeth or with ill-fitting dentures; riboflavin deficiency; or other causes. Called also perlèche.
solar cheilitis actinic cheilitis.

an·gu·lar chei·li·tis

inflammation and fissuring radiating from the commissures of the mouth secondary to predisposing factors such as lost vertical dimension in denture wearers, nutritional deficiencies, atopic dermatitis, or Candida albicans infection.

angular cheilitis

A condition characterised by inflammation, exudation, maceration and fissuring at the angles of the lips.

Aetiology
Angular cheilitis is most often linked to candidiasis, but is also related to the decreased vertical dimension of lower face in edentulous elderly with loss of alveolar bone; sagging of cheeks due to myotonia; sialorrhoea; ariboflavinosis (with glossitis, keratitis and seborrhoea-like dermatitis); malnutrition; streptococcal infection.

angular cheilitis

Perlèche Dermatology A condition characterized by inflammation, exudation, maceration and fissuring at the angles of the lips Etiology AC is most often linked to candidiasis, but is also related to the ↓ vertical dimension of lower face in edentulous elderly with loss of alveolar bone, 'sagging' of cheeks due to myotonia, sialorrhea, ariboflavinosis–with glossitis, keratitis, and seborrhea-like dermatitis, malnutrition, streptococcal infection.

an·gu·lar chei·lo·sis

(ang'gyŭ-lăr kī-lō'sis)
Reddish inflammation of the lip or lips and production of fissures that radiate from the angles of the mouth.
Synonym(s): angular cheilitis, angular stomatitis.

cheilitis

, chelitis, chilitis (ki-lit'is ) [ chilo- + -itis]
Inflammation or chapping of the lips, esp. at their corners. This condition may be caused by exposure to sun, wind, or other elements or it may result from habitual lip licking. Synonym: angularcheilitis

actinic cheilitis

Solar cheilitis.
Enlarge picture
CHEILITIS

angular cheilitis

cheilitisillustration

solar cheilitis

Precancerous damage to the lips (primarily the lower lip) due to excessive exposure to the sun.
Synonym: actinic cheilitis

cheilitis venenata

Dermatitis of the lips resulting from chemical irritants in lipsticks, lip cream, and various other materials.

an·gu·lar chei·li·tis

(ang'gyŭ-lăr kī-lī'tis)
Inflammation and fissuring radiating from commissures of mouth secondary to predisposing factors such as lost vertical dimension in denture wearers, nutritional deficiencies, atopic dermatitis, or Candida albicans infection.
Synonym(s): commissural cheilitis, perlèche.
References in periodicals archive ?
Angular cheilitis with secondary infections often occurs also in patients with macroglossia (congenital hypothyroidism and Down syndrome).
OFG OCD Glossitis 0 13 Other 22 15 Fissured lips 11 33 Gingivitis 22 53 Mucosaltags 22 53 Cobblestoning 44 80 Angular cheilitis 67 67 Lip/facial swelling 78 67 Oral ulceration 56 87 Note: Table made from bar graph.
This randomized-controlled trial from 1975 studied lozenge use of nystatin or amphotericin B in 52 patients with red palate, angular cheilitis, or both.
of Patients 1 Oral candidosis 45 2 Pigmentation 5 3 Glossitis 3 4 Angular cheilitis (nutritional) 2 5 Herpetic stomatitis 2 6 Aphthous stomatitis/ulcers 1 7 Oral lichen planus 1 8 Stevens - Johnson syndrome 1 Total 65 Table 8: Sexually Transmitted Infections Sl.
Table 1: Signs and symptoms of nickel allergy (14) Intraoral Extraoral Stomatitis from mild to severe Generalized urticaria erythema Papula-perioral rash Widespread eczema Loss of taste or metallic taste Flareup of allergic dermatitis Burning sensation Exacerbation of preexisting eczema Soreness at the side of the tongue Angular cheilitis Severe gingivitis in the absence of plaque
Angular cheilitis, hoarseness, follicular keratosis may be present in both types,
B12 deficiency presents with glossopyrosis (unexplained pain of tongue), stomatitis, candidosis, dysplasia, angular cheilitis and recurrent aphthous ulcers.
An assessment at three months revealed angular cheilitis, evident thickening of the area including the lower lip and gingiva without hypertrophy (Fig.
[7] Findings can include diffuse and painful swelling of the lips, fissured lips, cobblestoned buccal mucosa, gingival redness and hypertrophy, linear ulcerations, mucosal tags, and angular cheilitis. [8] Tonsillar hyperplasia with noncaseating granulomas secondary to Crohn's has also been reported.
Xerostomia was present in 87% patients followed by thickened mucosa (12%) , angular cheilitis (29%), periodontitis (41%), gingivitis (17%), tooth erosion (40%), tooth mobility (38%), ammonia like odour (Uraemic fetor) (45%), coated tongue (17%) , mucosal pallor (37%), metallic taste (48%) and mucosal pigmentation (20% ).
Oral manifestations of Crohn's disease were noted including swelling and Assuring of the lips, angular cheilitis, cobblestoning of the buccal mucosa, deep linear ulceration in the buccal sulci, mucosal tags, mucogingivitis with erythematous swelling of marginal and attached gingiva, and pyostomatitis vegetans with multiple small gingival pustules.
Ectodermal dysplasisas: Severe palmoplanter Hyperkeratosis and Chronic Angular Cheilitis. Indian J Dermatol.