angiotensin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

angiotensin

 (ACE) [an″je-o-ten´sin]
a vasoconstrictive substance formed in the blood when renin is released from the juxtaglomerular apparatus in the kidney. The enzymatic action of renin acts on angiotensinogen to form the decapeptide angiotensin I, which is relatively inactive. It in turn is acted upon by peptidases (converting enzymes), chiefly in the lungs, to form the octapeptide angiotensin II, a powerful vasopressor and a stimulator of aldosterone secretion by the adrenal cortex. By its vasopressor action, it raises blood pressure and diminishes fluid loss in the kidney by restricting blood flow. Angiotensin II is hydrolyzed in various tissues to form heptapeptide angiotensin III, which has less vasopressor activity but more effect on the adrenal cortex.
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) an enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes cleavage of a dipeptide from the C-terminal end of angiotensin I to form activated angiotensin II; called also peptidyl-dipeptidase A.
angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors competitive inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme, which converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II and inactivates bradykinin. ACE inhibitors, such as captopril, are antagonists of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and potentiators of the kinin system and are used for treatment of hypertension, usually in conjunction with a diuretic. They are also used as vasodilators in the treatment of congestive heart failure.

an·gi·o·ten·sin

(an'jē-ō-ten'sin),
A family of peptides of known and similar sequence, with vasoconstrictive activity, produced by enzymatic action of renin on angiotensinogen. See: angiotensin I, angiotensin II, angiotensin III.

angiotensin

(ăn′jē-ō-tĕn′sĭn)
n.
Any of several polypeptide hormones, designated by Roman numerals, that are involved in the regulation of blood pressure, especially one of them, angiotensin II, which is a strong vasopressor.

angiotensin

(1) Angiotensin I.
(2) Angiotensin II.

angiotensin

Any of a family of vasoconstricting peptides

an·gi·o·ten·sin

(an'jē-ō-ten'sin)
A family of peptides with vasoconstrictive activity, produced by action of renin on angiotensinogen.

angiotensin

The vasoconstrictor polypeptide hormone, angiotensin II, which is released by the action of the enzyme renin. Its precursor, angiotensin I, is inactive until acted on by the angiotensin-converting enzyme, mainly in the lungs. Angiotensin II has a powerful effect on raising the blood pressure. It binds to angiotensin receptors and constricts the circular smooth muscle of blood vessel walls. It prompts cells of the adrenal cortex to secrete the hormone ALDOSTERONE. It modulates blood flow through the kidneys and acts directly on the heart muscle. By promoting raised blood pressure it encourages the development of the arterial disease ATHEROSCLEROSIS.

angiotensin

a substance, produced by the action of RENIN on a GLOBULIN protein molecule, that is found in blood plasma and which then stimulates the cortex of the ADRENAL GLAND to release ALDOSTERONE, causing a general constriction of smooth muscle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bioavailability of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides dericed from Virgibacillus halodenitrificans SK1-3-7 proteinases hydrolyzed tilapia muscle proteins.
Jeon, Purification and characterization of angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory peptide from enzymatic hydrolysates of Styela clava flesh tissue, Process Biochem., 47, 34 (2012).
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene polymorphisms in human essential hypertension.
Additionally, direct protease inhibition and equilibrium angiotensin levels showed good correlation with each other [[r.sup.2] = 0.90, P < 0.001 for AngII and [r.sup.2] = 0.94, P < 0.001 for (AngI+AngII)].
Lack of specific inhibition of angiotensin II in eels by angiotensin antagonists.
Measurement of Tissue Angiotensin II and Angiotensin 1~7 Concentrations in the Left Atrium.
Drehuta et al., "The fetal safety of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers," Obstetrics and Gynecology International, vol.
An update of the role of renin angiotensin in cardiovascular homeostasis.
For example, Angiotensin II (Ang II), the primary hormone of the RAS, promotes the proliferation of mouse fibroblast 3T3 cells (but not SV40 transformed 3T3 cells in culture) [3], DNA synthesis and proliferation of adrenal cortical cells in culture [4], and the hypertrophic and hyperplastic growth of vascular smooth muscle cells [5].
Global Markets Direct's, 'Type-2 Angiotensin II Receptor (Angiotensin II Type-2 Receptor or AT2 or AGTR2) - Pipeline Review, H1 2016', provides in depth analysis on Type-2 Angiotensin II Receptor (Angiotensin II Type-2 Receptor or AT2 or AGTR2) targeted pipeline therapeutics.