First, during the FDAE process, anesthetic depth
is gradually increased with sevoflurane inhalation while maintaining spontaneous breathing.
Contract notice: framework agreement for the supply of sensors for the monitoring of anesthetic depth
and entropy sensors and the transfer of the necessary equipment for use in the centers of the sanitari integral consortium
was adjusted until a continuous EEG pattern was maintained, then euthanasia was performed.
Since then, the bispectral index (BIS) monitor was developed through extensive research to numerically assess the degree of anesthetic depth
Measuring anesthetic depth
has always been a substantial necessity, even from the beginning of anesthesia with ether in 1847.
Frampton, and P Myles, "Rationale and design of the balanced anesthesia study: a prospective randomized clinical trial of two levels of anesthetic depth
on patient outcome after major surgery," Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.
The relatively low blood/gas partition coefficient of sevoflurane also provides for both rapid induction and emergence from anesthesia and more rapid control of anesthetic depth
while its non-pungency makes mask induction possible in adults.
Limitations: Estimating the anesthetic depth
by changes mediated by autonomic nervous system (e.
7) Since 1977, several studies have sought to determine whether Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring is a reliable tool for the analysis of the anesthetic depth
defined using multiple noxious stimuli during isoflurane/oxygen anesthesia.
Among the chapter topics are the relevance of sleep neurobiology for cognitive neuroscience and anesthesiology, the neurobiology of consciousness, memory formation during general anesthesia, monitoring anesthetic depth
, and three chapters on the psychological, philosophical, and medicolegal consequences of intraoperative awareness.
61) Any time paralytic drugs are used in surgery, the necessity of adequately maintained anesthesia is that much more important, as the drugs restrict the patient's ability to verbally communicate sensation, or physically respond to assessments of anesthetic depth