thiopental induction and rocuronium injection may reduce the hypnotic effect and cause rocuronium injection pain, that anesthetic depth
should be ensured before the rocuronium injection, and that using inhalation anesthesia immediately after the i.v.
Anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen and mechanical ventilation, with the % isoflurane administered varying to obtain the appropriate anesthetic depth
between 1.5 and 3, and oxygen flow rate of 1.5 L/min.
Myles, "Rationale and design of the balanced anesthesia study: a prospective randomized clinical trial of two levels of anesthetic depth
on patient outcome after major surgery," Anesthesia & Analgesia, vol.
The relatively low blood/gas partition coefficient of sevoflurane also provides for both rapid induction and emergence from anesthesia and more rapid control of anesthetic depth
while its non-pungency makes mask induction possible in adults.2 Sevoflurane is an excellent induction drug in needle-phobic patients pediatric patients and patients with a potentially difficult airway.
Performance of the ARX-derived auditory evoked potential index as an indicator of anesthetic depth
: a comparison with bispectral index and hemodynamic measures during propofol administration.
monitoring is undergoing important innovations, especially with the recent introduction of new technological solutions, such as monitors that process the electroencephalographic (EEG) activity.
(7) Since 1977, several studies have sought to determine whether Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring is a reliable tool for the analysis of the anesthetic depth
. (8) An FDA-approved method, the BIS is adequately sensitive for the evaluation of the depth of anesthesia and is believed to be useful for the detection of light anesthesia by processing the patient's electroencephalogram (EEG).
defined using multiple noxious stimuli during isoflurane/oxygen anesthesia.
Among the chapter topics are the relevance of sleep neurobiology for cognitive neuroscience and anesthesiology, the neurobiology of consciousness, memory formation during general anesthesia, monitoring anesthetic depth
, and three chapters on the psychological, philosophical, and medicolegal consequences of intraoperative awareness.
(60) While extolling the virtues of curare in the surgical setting, he also warned that it is a "dangerous poison, and should only be used by experienced anesthetists in well-equipped operating rooms." (61) Any time paralytic drugs are used in surgery, the necessity of adequately maintained anesthesia is that much more important, as the drugs restrict the patient's ability to verbally communicate sensation, or physically respond to assessments of anesthetic depth
. (62) If the anesthesia wears off during surgery, and the patient is paralyzed, the consequences can be horrific.
Although John Doe is not an anesthesiologist, he monitors the anesthetic depth
of an inmate by observing the inmate's facial expression.