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An infant with anencephaly.


A fetus lacking all or most of the brain.
[G. an, without, + enkephalos, brain]


(an?en-sef'a-le) [Gr. an-, not, + enkephalos, the brain]
Congenital absence of the brain and cranial vault, with the cerebral hemispheres missing or reduced to small masses. This condition is incompatible with life. In the U.S., it is present in about 11 births out of 100,000. This defect results from the lack of closure of the anterior neural tube. Like other neural tube defects, the risk for anencephaly can be reduced with folic acid supplementation (800 mg daily) taken by women before and during pregnancy. See: neural tube defect
anencephalicanencephalus (an?en-se'fal-ik) (an?en-sef'a-lus), adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
They were fully informed and aware of complications that may be a consequence of having an anencephalic baby such as polyhydramnios, prolonged pregnancy and stillbirth, but they did not want to discuss a plan for a funeral for their baby.
Receiving a special honor was a couple Francis met on Saturday after Mass at Rio's cathedral; they had brought him their anencephalic baby daughter to be blessed.
The doctors delivered one normal baby and another dysmorphic anencephalic baby with major heart problems.
She then told me a story about her husband's brother's wife who had been told she had an anencephalic baby. Myrna told me that this sister-in-law had an abortion on her doctor's recommendation and then needed an unanticipated hysterectomy.
Peruvian law allows abortion for therapeutic reasons, yet a Peruvian women diagnosed with an anencephalic baby at 14 weeks of pregnancy was forced to carry it to term and breastfeed it until its inevitable death four days later.
But the most grateful patient I have ever had was a woman who had known that she would be delivering an anencephalic baby and who chose to complete the pregnancy.
(123) It differs from the Rehabilitation Act in that, "the ADA does not require an individual to be 'otherwise qualified' to receive benefits." (124) The Court determined that "the ADA does not permit the denial of ventilator services that would keep alive an anencephalic baby when those life-saving services would be otherwise be provided to a baby without disabilities at the parent's request." (125)
"However, I began dreaming that I had an anencephalic baby, where the head is not completely formed and the baby is born dead.
Two months after this encounter I visited with another woman who was a migrant worker in her ninth month of pregnancy with a known anencephalic baby. I had asked her to bring her husband, so they could decide how to handle the delivery.
The story of another anencephalic baby, Baby Theresa, has figured in some class discussions.
One, In re Baby K, involved efforts by the mother of a severely disabled anencephalic baby to require a local hospital to treat her child's periodic respiratory crises.(6) The other, Fox v.
Butt, "Renal Transplantation in Children Less Than 2 Years of Age," Journal of Pediatrics 99 (October 1981), 535-39; Shinichi Ohshima et al., "Kidney Transplantation from an Anencephalic Baby: A Case Report," Journal of Urology 132 (September 1984), 546-47.