anencephalic


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an·en·ce·phal·ic

(an'en-se-fal'ik),
Relating to meroanencephaly.
Synonym(s): anencephalous

anencephalic

adjective Lacking a brain, as in an anencephalic infant.

an·en·ce·phal·ic

(an'en-sĕ-fal'ik)
Relating to meroencephaly.

anencephaly

(an?en-sef'a-le) [Gr. an-, not, + enkephalos, the brain]
Congenital absence of the brain and cranial vault, with the cerebral hemispheres missing or reduced to small masses. This condition is incompatible with life. In the U.S., it is present in about 11 births out of 100,000. This defect results from the lack of closure of the anterior neural tube. Like other neural tube defects, the risk for anencephaly can be reduced with folic acid supplementation (800 mg daily) taken by women before and during pregnancy. See: neural tube defect
anencephalicanencephalus (an?en-se'fal-ik) (an?en-sef'a-lus), adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Who knew the result of connecting Daddy's brain to his anencephalic clone's brain stem?
Sally suggests that, in the future, if she were to birth another anencephalic baby she would like to explore the option of consenting to organ donation when the baby is about 10 hours of age in order to help the survival of other babies.
That procedure was carried out on June 3; the anencephalic newborn died five hours later.
Since anencephalic newborns have no brain cortex, brain blood flow and EEG which are used to determine brain death are meaningless.
Additionally, anencephalic fetuses generally have inhibited respiratory functioning and often subsist only with the assistance of a respiratory apparatus.
Human Rights Committee decided its first abortion case, which dealt with a seventeen-year-old Peruvian girl who'd been forced to carry an anencephalic fetus one missing most of its forebrain--to term, despite the fact that it had no chance of surviving more than a few days outside the womb.
Ending the lives of such living patients harms them no more than abortion of living anencephalic fetuses harms them.
For example, anencephalic fetuses have a tendency to be born post term, children with Trisomy 18 to be born preterm or post term, and children with Down syndrome to be born early.
A case report and literature review regarding acardiac twin pregnancy coexisting with anencephalic twin, associated with being exposed to chicken pox during the first trimester of pregnancy
However, others found increased zinc content in umbilical cord serum in anencephalic newborns and spina bifida-affected newborns (5).
When Singer asks why we should "treat the life of an anencephalic human child as sacrosanct and feel free to kill healthy baboons in order to take their organs," (7) he means not only that it is morally acceptable to allow such a child to die of natural causes but that it would be morally permissible to kill such a child, either to "harvest" the organs for transplant or simply because no one sees any good in the child's continued existence.
With the stagnating numbers of brain dead donors and the increased need for organs, new categories of persons under consideration as donors include: anencephalic newborns; non-beating-heart donors and persons revived after suffering cardiac death; executed prisoners (not applicable in Canada); (3) and persons with irreversible brain damage (4) or those persisting in prolonged vegetative states.