anemia of pregnancy

anemia of pregnancy

a condition of pregnancy characterized by a reduction in the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood. It may be physiological or pathological. In physiological anemia of pregnancy, the reduction in concentration results from dilution because the plasma volume expands more than the erythrocyte volume. The hematocrit in pregnancy normally drops several points below its pregnancy level. In pathological anemia of pregnancy, the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is deficient because of disordered erythrocyte production or excessive loss of erythrocytes through destruction or bleeding. Pathological anemia is a common complication of pregnancy, occurring in approximately half of all pregnancies. Disordered production of erythrocytes may result from nutritional deficiency of iron, folic acid, or vitamin B12 or from sickle cell or another chronic disease, malignancy, chronic malnutrition, or exposure to toxins. Destruction of erythrocytes may result from inflammation, chronic infection, sepsis, autoimmune diseases, microangiopathy, or a hematologic disease in which the erythrocytes are abnormal. Excessive loss of erythrocytes through bleeding may result from abortion, bleeding hemorrhoids, intestinal parasites such as hookworm, placental abnormalities such as placenta previa and abruptio placentae, or postpartum uterine atony.

Patient discussion about anemia of pregnancy

Q. What shall I include in my diet to cover the anemic condition and is anemia increases with pregnancy? Hi all. I am in my second week of pregnancy. I am anemic and prefer to have vegetarian diet. What shall I include in my diet to cover the anemic condition and is anemia increases with pregnancy?

A. Agree with Maverick's answer above..

Anemia in pregnancy is a very common problem, that's why during your antenatal care, usually your OB-GYn doctor or medical professional will give you iron tablet for supplements.

Unless your anemia is severe, it is unlikely to harm your baby. But iron deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of preterm birth and low birthweight. Anemia can also make you feel more tired than usual during your pregnancy.

You can help lower your risk of anemia by eating foods that contain iron during your entire pregnancy. These foods include:

Poultry (dark meat), Dried fruits (apricots, prunes, figs, raisins, dates), Iron-fortified cereals, breads and pastas, Oatmeal, Whole grains, Blackstrap molasses, Liver and other meats, Seafood, Spinach, broccoli, kale and other dark green leafy vegetables, Baked potato with skin, Beans and peas, Nuts and seeds, etc.

Also some fruit that rich in Vitamin C because vitamin C can increase the amount of iron yo

Q. What are some ways to treat anemia after giving birth to a baby? I have heard the iron tablets can deplete a bodies ability to absorb iron over time. So what are some other natural ways to treat/cure anemia (as a result of giving birth to a baby)?

A. Oral iron supplements are the best way to restore iron levels for people who are iron deficient, but they should be used only when dietary measures have failed. However, iron supplements cannot correct anemias that are not due to iron deficiency. Change your diet and see if that helps.

More discussions about anemia of pregnancy
References in periodicals archive ?
This indicate that age is not the predominant factor which can determine prevalence of anemia of pregnancy.
Comparative study"efficacy, safety and compliance of intravenous iron sucrose and intramuscular iron sorbitol in iron deficiency anemia of pregnancy.
In this study the most common maternal complication was anemia of pregnancy.
Favorable results have been published on treating anemia of pregnancy by preparing food with iron skillets, and the results appear to be generalizable to most forms of anemia.
Pathologic anemia of pregnancy is mostly attributable to iron deficiency associated with increased requirements and inadequate intake (1), but physiologic changes also occur in iron markers.
Comparative study: efficacy, safety and compliance of intravenous iron sucrose and intramuscular iron sorbitol in iron deficiency anemia of pregnancy.
Severe anemia of pregnancy contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality.
Comparative study--efficacy, safety and compliance of intravenous iron sucrose and intramuscular iron sorbitol in iron deficiency anemia of pregnancy.
In 2005, it was published that BV is associated with anemia of pregnancy.
As pregnant females were not included in the study in order to reduce the bias arising due to anemia of pregnancy, there was no rise in the prevalence of anemia in female in reproductive age group.