Testosterone, often in combination with other anabolic androgenic
steroids, may be abused by athletes and bodybuilders.
In the study by Vexaiu et al.,18 there was a significant difference in levels of androgenic
hormones between cases and controls, namely Testosterone 0.5 ng/ml versus 0.35 ng/ml, Andostenedione 2.2 ng/dl versus 1.3 ng/dl, DHEAS 3.5 ug/dl versus 2.5 ug/dl in cases and controls respectively.
Consequently, there is a high correlation between the use of anabolic androgenic
steroids and the level of muscularity of a person and, also, the disorder of MD.
For the study, 545 men who used androgenic
anabolic steroids were matched with 5,450 controls.
Nonmedical use of anabolic androgenic
steroids is practiced among professional and non-professional athletes as well as non-athletes.
Pharmacoepidemiology of anabolic androgenic
steroids: a review.
The prostate after administration of anabolic androgenic
steroids: a morphometrical study in rats.
The study was done in July 2014 and June 2015; all the patients suffering from androgenic
alopecia and topical minoxidil and finasteride for at least 6 months without much improvement were considered for PRP therapy.
Following the discovery of the molecular structure of the androgenic
hormone, it has been possible to identify genes involved in the development of the gonads and the organism by biotechnological techniques such as in situ hybridization, analysis of expression or gene silencing as well as developing monosex populations (Callaghan et al., 2010).
Is there a potential immune dysfunction with anabolic androgenic
steroid use?: A review.
The anabolic androgenic
steroid nandrolone decanoate affects mRNA expression of dopaminergic but not serotonergic receptors.
Reported cases about bile cast nephropathy due to cholestatic jaundice after using anabolic androgenic
steroids include a bodybuilder abusing a regimen of steroids including stanozolol that were successfully treated with plasmapheresis  and 2 cases with stanozolol used for 2 months successfully treated with hemodialysis [16, 17].