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A toxin that has been treated (commonly with formaldehyde) so as to destroy its toxic property but retain its antigenicity, that is, its capability of stimulating the production of antitoxin antibodies and thus of producing an active immunity. For specific toxoids, see entries under vaccine
Synonym(s): anatoxin
[toxin + G. eidos, resemblance]


A weakened bacterial toxin.


(an″ă-tok′sĭn) [ ana- + toxin]
1. Toxoid.
2. A powerful nerve toxin produced by certain blue-green algae.
anatoxic (-toks′ĭk), adjective


neurotoxin produced by some cyanobacteria including species of Anabaena, Oscillatoria, Aphanizoomenon. Includes anatoxin-a, a potent nicotinic toxin, which is toxic to a wide range of species, and the cholinesterase inhibitor anatoxin-a(s), which is highly toxic to pigs, dogs and some waterfowl but seems to be unable to reach the brain or the retina in many species. Called also sudden death factor.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cyanobacteria produce a variety of toxins that are usually defined by their chemical structure and fall into three groups: cyclic peptides (the hepatotoxic microcystins and nodularins), alkaloids (the neurotoxic saxitoxins and anatoxins, and the protein-synthesis-inhibiting cylindrospermopsin), and lipopolysaccharides.
Microorganism antigens--bacterial or viral (live-attenuated, dead), isolated antigens--proteins, polysaccharides, DNA and anatoxins (diphtheria, tetanus) with retained immunegenicity but devoid of pathogenic properties,
Reduction in exposure to carcinogenic anatoxins by post-harvest intervention measures in west Africa: a community-based intervention study.
1), (2) Aspergillus flavus is commonly associated with anatoxins, (2) such as on peanuts.