anatomical position


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.

position

 [pŏ-zish´un]
1. a bodily posture or attitude.
2. the relationship of a given point on the presenting part of the fetus to a designated point of the maternal pelvis; see accompanying table. See also presentation.
Common examination positions. From Lammon et al., 1995.
anatomical position that of the human body standing erect, palms facing forward; it is the position of reference in designating site or direction of structures of the body. The anatomical position for quadrupeds is standing with all four feet on the ground; the difference between animal and human anatomical position leads to confusion among terms indicating position and direction.
The body in the anatomical poisition, showing regions of the body. From Applegate, 2000.
batrachian position a lying position of infants in which the lower limbs are flexed, abducted, and resting on the bed on their outer aspects, resembling the legs of a frog.
Bozeman's position the knee-elbow position with straps used for support.
decubitus position that of the body lying on a horizontal surface, designated according to the aspect of the body touching the surface as dorsal decubitus (on the back), left or right lateral decubitus (on the left or right side), and ventral decubitus (on the anterior surface). In radiology, the patient is placed in either the right or left lateral decubitus position with the beam perpendicular to the long axis of the body.
dorsal recumbent position position of patient on the back, with lower limbs flexed and rotated outward; used in vaginal examination, application of obstetrical forceps, and other procedures. See illustration.
Fowler's position a position in which the head of the patient's bed is raised 30 to 90 degrees above the level, with the knees sometimes also elevated. See illustration.
Low Fowler's.
froglike position batrachian position.
knee-chest position the patient rests on the knees and chest with head is turned to one side, arms extended on the bed, and elbows flexed and resting so that they partially bear the patient's weight; the abdomen remains unsupported, though a small pillow may be placed under the chest. See illustration.
knee-elbow position the patient resting on the knees and elbows with the chest elevated.
lateral position Sims' position.
lithotomy position the patient lies on the back with the legs well separated, thighs acutely flexed on the abdomen, and legs on thighs; stirrups may be used to support the feet and legs. See illustration.
orthopneic position a position assumed to relieve orthopnea (difficulty breathing except when in an upright position); the patient assumes an upright or semivertical position by using pillows to support the head and chest, or sits upright in a chair.
prone position a position with the patient lying face down with arms bent comfortably at the elbow and padded with the armboards positioned forward.
Prone position. From Lammon et al., 1995.
reverse Trendelenburg position a supine position with the patient on a plane inclined with the head higher than the rest of the body and appropriate safety devices such as a footboard.
Rose's position one intended to prevent aspiration or swallowing of blood, as from an injured lip: the patient is supine with head hanging over the end of the table in full extension so as to enable bleeding to be over the margins of the inverted upper incisors.
semi-Fowler position a position similar to Fowler's position but with the head less elevated.
Sims position the patient lies on the left side with the left thigh slightly flexed and the right thigh acutely flexed on the abdomen; the left arm is behind the body with the body inclined forward, and the right arm is positioned according to the patient's comfort. See illustration. Called also lateral position.
Sims recumbent position a variant of the Sims position in which the patient lies on the left side in a modified left lateral position; the upper leg is flexed at hip and knees, the lower leg is straight, and the upper arm rests in a flexed position on the bed.
Trendelenburg's position the patient is on the back on a table or bed whose upper section is inclined 45 degrees so that the head is lower than the rest of the body; the adjustable lower section of the table or bed is bent so that the patient's legs and knees are flexed. There is support to keep the patient from slipping. See illustration.

anatomical position

a standard position of the body: standing erect, facing directly forward, feet pointed forward and slightly apart, and arms hanging down at the sides with palms facing forward. This position is used as a reference to describe sites or motions of various parts of the body.

anatomical position

The position of an animal’s body at which the totality of its muscles are at their lowest tension. For humans, the anatomical position has a person standing erect, with feet facing forward, the arms at the sides, palms of the hands facing interior, and fingers pointing straight down. Anatomists and clinicians use the AP to build hypothetical biomechanical models of normalcy in which to describe movement of the centre of gravity.
The anatomical position.

anatomical position

standard position of the body used when describing body parts and their relation to each other: standing erect, facing forward, feet together and arms at the side with the palms facing forward. In this position: superior/inferior = nearer head/feet; anterior/posterior = nearer front/back; medial/lateral = nearer to/further from the midline; proximal/distal: in the limbs nearer to/further from the trunk; in other structures (e.g. blood vessels, digestive tract) nearer to/further from point of origin.

anatomical position

the reference position of the body, i.e. with head facing forwards, neck and trunk erect, pectoral and pelvic girdles, arms and legs oriented primarily on the frontal plane; arms aligned to the frontal plane with elbow joints extended with palms facing forwards, the legs perpendicular to horizontal and parallel to sagittal planes, with hip and knee joints extended, and the feet parallel to the sagittal plane with plantar surfaces on the horizontal plane
References in periodicals archive ?
With help of fingers uterus with uterine horns were replaced in their normal anatomical position after lubrication using Xylocaine jelly and obstetrical gel (Fig.
2) Genital prolapse occurs when pelvic organs slip from normal anatomical position & protrude into vaginal wall.
The adhered placenta was removed gently and uterus was then returned to its normal anatomical position by elevating uterine mass to vulval level with the help of a piece of plywood.
It is beneficial to keep the specimen in its normal anatomical position during both, fixation as well as in the first dehydration bath.
After bringing the fractured bone ends to normal anatomical position, 3.
Most of the cases occur on the right side, probably as a consequence of the normal anatomical position of the appendix, and also because right sided inguinal hernias are more common than left-sided hernias.
Management of scrotal infection in dog is often difficult due to its anatomical position.
There were apparently no size or anatomical positions for the tatoos to be placed on staff bodies.
It includes three main veins: cephalic, basilica, and median cubital in correct anatomical positions.
Another aspect of context frequently considered is whether the remains have been found whole, or nearly so, with bones in their correct anatomical positions.

Full browser ?