The XRD analysis showed both rutile and anatase
in the Devonian samples.
It has been reported to anatase
, for example, crystallite sizes of 18 nm and 25 nm, for Ti[O.sub.2] thermally treated by muffle at 400[degrees]C during 5 or 6 hours [23,24].
Table-1: Surface area Crystalline phase and crystalline sizes of various samples (Anatase
The (5, 40)-Zr--Ti[O.sub.2] films showed amorphous to anatase
phase transition after annealing at 500 [degrees]C, which was sustained up to 700 [degrees]C.
In rutile, anatase
, amorph BSA and brookite BSA groups, the highest toxicity to cancer cells was at a concentration of 50 [micro]g/mL nanoparticles for 72 hours.
Furthermore, phase transits from anatase
to rutile could be detected using this method.
can promote apatite nucleation at a faster growth rate than rutile due to its better lattice match with apatite crystals .
In order to reflect the spontaneity of interactions between the anatase
Ti[O.sub.2] (101) surface and gas molecules, the adsorption energy ([E.sub.ad]) was defined as follows:
XRD patterns (Figures 2(a) and 2(b)) show that the crystalline structures correspond mainly to anatase
when acidic solutions with pH 1 were used with both catalysts.
Herein, we proposed freestanding flexible winkled carbon nanofiber-embedded anatase
Ti[O.sub.2] nanoparticles (CNF-Ti[O.sub.2]) as anode of SIBs directly without binder and current collector, which can not only increase the energy density but also explore the potential application in flexible devices.
Their frequencies coincide with the frequencies observed in the Raman spectrum of a Ti[O.sub.2] monocrystalline anatase
modification [15, 16].
grade type segment of the global titanium dioxide market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR from 2016 to 2021.