Just as there is no Other of the Other--that is, no position outside of language that allows us to discuss language as a whole without having to rely on language itself in our discussion--there is no way in which we can step outside the transference situation and invite the analysand
to do so with us in order to discuss what is happening in the transference itself.
He is, it seems, more than happy to pay for his analysis with this relative's money, and unlike the two previously mentioned analysands
, works very hard at his analysis, being more inclined to blame himself for everything than to blame others--in diagnostic terms, being more obsessive than hysteric.
By bringing unconscious choices into consciousness, in the end, the analysand
can now choose otherwise.
evokes certain responses in the analyst, while the analyst's own conflicts and internal self-and-object representations determine the final shape of the countertransference response.
When students and analysands
feel suddenly mistrustful of the contexts into which they have entered in order to change, but not traumatically, intimacy reveals itself to be a relation associated with tacit fantasies, tacit rules, and tacit obligations to remain unproblematic.
Being alert and responsive to ambivalence, analysts do not take at face value what they hear from analysands
(or from their students); rather, they listen for the chorus of mixed voices relaying the analysand
's life stories and present experiences.
become aware of analysts' deepening love for them, they are affirmed and encouraged by their successes.
It has become a cliche that in analysis the analysand
learns to construct a new narrative about himself--and as such it is a cliche which tends to diminish the power and scope of psychoanalytic therapy.
11) And psychoanalysis, as a challenge to systematic moral philosophy, had certainly read received narratives and the sequentially constructed narratives of analysands
as instantiations of socioethical problems.
Harold Searles emphasizes how analysands
(patients in psychoanalytic therapy) often stretch their analysts therapeutically to levels of integration previously absent.
For Horowitz and Collier, politics remains in the eighties what it was in the sixties, a persistently onanistic form of cathartic confrontation therapy which, like the dreams analysands
present to their doctors, draws material from the outer world but arranges and distorts it in accordance with private needs.
But this has changed as the problems potential analysands
bring into the treatment room are so very different from what they were even ten years ago.