The protocol was based on the World Health Organization analgesic ladder
and the Beating osteoARThritis strategy for stepped care in hip and knee OA (Arthritis Care Res.
The World Health Organisation's analgesic ladder
, although developed for managing cancer pain, is used as a guide for managing acute and chronic pain worldwide.
Compare and contrast the strengths and limitations of the renal adaptation of the World Health Organization (WHO) analgesic ladder
10) This analgesic ladder
approach is not an evidence-based guideline, but provides a systemic approach to the management of cancer pain, (11) especially in resource-limited areas.
According to the analgesic ladder
(Figure 1) paracetamol should first be tried: if ineffective, when taken as recommended, codeine should be added, and only after that (step 2) should NSAIDs be considered.
For other patients, their pain defies understanding and does not respond to the standard analgesic ladder
Step 1 of the WHO analgesic ladder
recommends acetaminophen, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or adjuvants as first-line therapy for mild pain.
The WHO method consists of a three-step analgesic ladder
in which more aggressive therapy can be added as the resident experiences increasing pain, (with [+ or -] meaning "with or without"):
In 1990, the World Health Organization proposed an analgesic ladder
for the treatment of cancer pain.
Drug treatment for pain is referred to by doctors and pharmacists as the analgesic ladder
Pain Pathways Types of Pain Measurement of Pain Treatment Modalities-Pharmacologic Management Analgesic Ladder
Step I Drugs Step II Drugs Step III Drugs
Which of the following statements regarding the renal WHO analgesic ladder
in hemodialysis patients is false: