anaerobe

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anaerobe

 [an´er-ōb]
an organism that lives and grows in the absence of molecular oxygen.(See accompanying table.) adj., adj anaero´bic.
facultative anaerobe a microorganism that can live and grow with or without molecular oxygen.
obligate anaerobe an organism that can grow only in the complete absence of molecular oxygen.

an·aer·obe

(an'ār-ōb, an-ār'ōb),
A microorganism that can live and grow in the absence of dioxygen.
[G. an- priv. + aēr, air, + bios, life]

anaerobe

(ăn′ə-rōb′, ăn-âr′ōb′)
n.
An organism, such as a bacterium, that can live in the absence of free oxygen.

anaerobe

Any organism, usually a bacterium, capable of living without air. Anaerobic pathogens obtain their energy from fermentation; nonpathogenic anaerobes in nature obtain their energy from anaerobic respiration, in which nitrate or sulphate serve as electron acceptors.

The ropharynx, skin, colon and vagina harbor up to 1011 anaerobes/cm3; they are common causes of infection, and may be associated with aerobic flora in infections and abscesses of the oral cavity, upper respiratory tract, colon, genital tract, skin and brain; factors controlling anaerobes’ virulence are uncertain.
 
Management
Penicillin for supradiaphragmatic anaerobic infections; clindamycin, metronidazole, chloramphenicol or cephoxatin if the infection is below the diaphragm.

an·aer·obe

(an'ār-ōb)
A microorganism that can live and grow in the absence of oxygen.
[G. an- priv. + aēr, air, + bios, life]

anaerobe

an organism able to metabolize in the absence of free oxygen, obtaining energy from the breakdown of glucose in ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION. Some anaerobes are obligate, i.e. they can only survive in the absence of oxygen; examples are bacteria that cause food poisoning (see BOTULISM). Others (the majority) can live in either the presence or the absence of oxygen and are called facultative. When oxygen is present, respiration in these types is of the aerobic type involving the KREBS CYCLE to release maximum energy; when oxygen is absent they rely solely on energy released in anaerobic respiration.

Anaerobe

A type of bacterium that does not require air or oxygen to live. Anaerobic bacteria are frequent causes of lung abscess.

an·aer·obe

(an-ār'ōb)
A microorganism that can live and grow in the absence of oxygen.
[G. an- priv. + aēr, air, + bios, life]
References in periodicals archive ?
In this context, the typical heavy metal ion of Pb(II) was selected as the model contaminant to investigate the adsorption performances of biochars derived from rice straw and its anaerobically digested residues.
Anaerobically digestion of organic wastes recently increased in the world due to use as an energy source and it has significant potential to reduce global warming and climate change (Clemens et al., 2006).
Understanding nitrogen avaliability from applications of anaerobically digested beef Cattle manure in Florida sandy soil, The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) Extention Publications, Sl 424.
Caption: U of T graduate student Johnny Xiao with post-doctoral fellow Fei Luo check a bioreactor containing microbes that break down benzene anaerobically.
The plates were incubated at 37[degrees] C anaerobically with 5% C[O.sub.2] for 24 h.
Approximately [10.sup.6] colony-forming units (CFU)/mL of each bacterial culture were inoculated into 100 [micro]L of medium containing a twofold serial dilution of dHC in 96-well plates (TPP, Trasadingen, Switzerland) and incubated either anaerobically (for Streptococcus spp., A.
nucleatum strain VPI4355 individually or together (coculture) and incubated the tubes aerobically or anaerobically at 37[degrees]C for 24 h.
Through the course of this workout every aspect of conditioning training, both aerobically and anaerobically, are achieved.
"They can try to ferment it anaerobically, but it's not very economical," Kassab told The Daily Star.
was anaerobically digested, enough electricity would be generated to power 2.5 million homes for a year," notes the EPA.
The samples were cultured anaerobically in this medium.