amylum


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starch

(starch),
A high molecular weight polysaccharide made up of d-glucose residues consisting of 20% amylose and 80% amylopectin. amylose contains α-1,4 linkages, differing from cellulose in the presence of α- rather than β-glucoside linkages, and amylopectin contains additional α-1,6 linkages; both amylose and amylopectin exist in most most plant tissues. Starch is converted into dextrin when subject to the action of dry heat, and into dextrin and d-glucose by amylases and glucoamylases in saliva and pancreatic juice; used as a dusting powder, an emollient, and an ingredient in medicinal tablets; is an important raw material for the manufacture of alcohol, acetone, n-butanol, lactic acid, citric acid, glycerine, and gluconic acid by fermentation; is the chief storage carbohydrate in most higher plants.
Synonym(s): amylum
[A.S. stearc, strong]

amylum

Starch.

starch

(stahrch)
High molecular weight polysaccharide made up of d-glucose residues consisting of 20% amylose and 80% amylopectin.
Synonym(s): amylum.
[A.S. stearc, strong]
References in periodicals archive ?
Tate also warned results from Amylum for the following financial year - the 12- month period to March 2005 - would be "significantly below" those of 2004.
In Europe, performance improved with profits pounds 12m higher with Amylum reporting higher profits and robust revenues from by-products.
In Europe, small pricing gains for certain products made by the Amylum starch operation had been offset by price reductions elsewhere.
Trading benefited from better performances by the cereal sweetener business Staley and European starch company Amylum.
On completion, Tate and Lyle will own l00% of Amylum and Staley.
Tate & Lyle is buying up the minority stakes it does not already own in Amylum, a cereal sweetener and starches business in Europe, and in Staley, a US corn starch business.
Its North American starch business Staley, and European starch company Amylum, improved performance, benefiting from better margins.
Its majority owned Amylum starch operation in Europe continued to make good progress.
In Europe Amylum, the group's cereal sweetener and starch business, saw lower profits as prices came under pressure.
DEXTROSE Amylum NV, Burchtstraat 10, 9300 Aalst, Belgium.
STARCH (Wheat) Amylum NV, Burchtstraat 10, 9300 Aalst, Belgium.
Better than expected performance from Amylum due to lower cereal prices