amphetamine


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amphetamine

 [am-fet´ah-mēn]
1. a white crystalline powder used as a central nervous system stimulant. It is odorless and has a slightly bitter taste.
2. any of a group of drugs closely related to this substance and having similar actions, such as methamphetamine and dextroamphetamine. See also drug abuse and drug dependence.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

am·phet·a·mine

(am-fet'ă-mēn),
A chemical compound that is structurally a sympathomimetic amine, considered a psychostimulant, and approved by the FDA to treat narcolepsy and ADHD; acts primarily by triggering release of norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin from presynaptic neurons. Because of its potential for abuse, it is scheduled by the FDA in the most restrictive classification for a drug with medical usefulness.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

amphetamine

(ăm-fĕt′ə-mēn′, -mĭn)
n.
A synthetic compound, C9H13N, that occurs as a racemic mixture of two stereoisomers, or one of its stereoisomers (as dextroamphetamine), derivatives (as methamphetamine), or salts. Amphetamine acts as a central nervous system stimulant, and various formulations are used in the medical treatment of certain conditions (such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and illegally as stimulants.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

amphetamine

Pharmacology A CNS stimulant, anorexiant and drug of abuse Used for Hyperactivity; narcolepsy; obesity. See Drug Screening, Therapeutic drug monitoring.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

am·phet·a·mine

(am-fet'ă-mēn)
A chemical compound that is structurally a sympathomimetic amine, considered a psychostimulant, and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Because of its potential for abuse, it is scheduled by the FDA in the most restrictive classification for a drug with medical usefulness.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

amphetamine

Amfetamine, a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant drug with few medical uses but commonly abused to obtain a ‘high’. Amphetamine use leads to tolerance and sometimes physical dependence. Overdosage causes irritability, tremor, restlessness, insomnia, flushing, nausea and vomiting, irregularity of the pulse, delirium, hallucinations, convulsions and coma. Amphetamine can precipitate a PSYCHOSIS in predisposed people.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

amphetamine

a drug that stimulates the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and inhibits sleep. Its structure is 1-phenyl-2-aminopropane.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

am·phet·a·mine

(am-fet'ă-mēn)
Structurally a sympathomimetic amine, considered a psychostimulant, and approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Rasmussen has made a significant contribution by mining many heretofore unused archival sources and large ranges of the scientific and medical literature and presenting the most thorough analysis and easily understood history of amphetamines and their society to date.
However, despite the growing demand for amphetamines here, not one of the 45 amphetamine laboratories reported in 2008 - the lowest in a decade - were within the region.
Many over-the-counter, or OTC, medicines containing pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, or other sympathomimetic amines interfere with screening tests for amphetamines but do not cause positive test results in the gas chromatography/mass spectrometric, or GC/MS, confirmation, thus pose no serious challenge in drugs-of-abuse (DOA) testing.
Massive production laboratories had sprung-up in South-East Asia, the report said, and the seizure of amphetamines in the Middle East rose.
Recorder William Lowe, sentencing, told him: "You were his best friend and you spent part of that day consuming alcohol with him and there was one occasion when you supplied a small quantity of amphetamine to him.
Both dopaminergic agonists and antagonists reduce schedule-induced polydipsia; however, dopamine [D.sub.1] antagonists, but not dopamine [D.sub.2] antagonists, reverse the effect of amphetamine on the temporal course of this behavior, and dopamine [D.sub.1] agonists added more to the suppressive effects of d-amphetamine than substances with dopamine [D.sub.2] activity.
Mr Carr said police carried out the second raid in January when more quantities of amphetamine were recovered from Ricketts kitchen and work surfaces as well as pounds 330 in cash.
Their roaming response to amphetamine was 67 percent less than in normal rats given amphetamine.
Nearly one-third of last-year ecstasy and amphetamine users reported experiencing harm from their ATS use in the last year in at least one of seven areas of life asked about.
| Malcolm Gee, 66 and of Grenville Terrace, Ashton-under-Lyne, pleaded guilty to conspiracy to produce Class B (amphetamine); production of Class B (cannabis); possession of Class A (cocaine); possession of criminal property - cash and possession of Class B (cannabis) and was jailed for six years and nine months.
On Tuesday, 7 August 2018, a search warrant was carried out at Grenville Terrace, leading to the discovery of a second amphetamine laboratory.
Coastguard and drug enforcement officers seized three containers full of the amphetamines, the financial crimes unit (SDOE) said on Friday.