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Additionally, now that this negative priming effect has been displayed in individuals who were instucted to simulate amnesia, further study should include actual amnesics.
While most people believe that amnesics perform poorly on memory tests, this is in fact only partly true.
In contrast to this, amnesics perform very poorly on a recall test, when compared to people with normal memory.
Now that you know this information about how amnesics actually perform on words completion and recall tests, I am now going to give you each of these two tests.
In a situation that parallels 'post-traumatic' memory formation, amnesic patients can learn to avoid shaking hands with an individual who has previously injured them by concealing a pin in their hands.
The autobiographical memory interview: A new assessment of autobiographical and personal semantic memory in amnesic patients.
Further analysis of the hippocampal amnesic syndrome: 14 year follow-up of HM.
The neuropsychology of memory illusions: False recall and recognition in amnesic patients.
used a single anaesthetic agent (isoflurane), at a relatively low dose, so their subjects were not exposed to the potentially amnesic effects of benzodiazepines or other premedicant drugs.
A number of researchers have avoided the use of these drugs on the grounds that their amnesic effects may obscure any signs of learning under anaesthesia; those who did include premedication did not consistently fail to demonstrate learning.
This possibility raises the ethical question of whether it is acceptable for a patient to be conscious of (though subsequently amnesic for) events occurring during surgery; should the dose of anaesthetic be increased or would the additional side effects be more damaging than the effects of being conscious during surgery?