ammonium nitrate

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

am·mo·ni·um ni·trate

Used in making nitrous oxide gas (i.e. lauging gas), and in freezing mixtures, matches, and fertilizers; also used in veterinary medicine as a urinary acidifier, as an expectorant, and has diuretic activity.


a hypothetical radical, NH4, forming salts analogous to those of the alkaline metals. See also ammonia.

ammonium acetate
a weak diuretic and feed supplement.
ammonium bifluoride
wood preservative; causes diarrhea and fall in milk yield in cattle.
ammonium carbonate, ammonium chloride
saline expectorants used for the purpose of liquefying pulmonary secretions. Effectiveness has not been proven. They are sometimes used as a reflex stimulant because of the strong ammonia given off. The chloride salt is used mainly as a urinary acidifier. Excessive dosage may produce acidosis.
ammonium magnesium phosphate
see magnesium ammonium phosphate.
ammonium metavanadate
experimentally causes vanadium poisoning.
ammonium nitrate
causes nitrate poisoning.
ammonium oxalate
causes oxalate poisoning.
ammonium phosphate
a feed additive for cattle. The monobasic salt provides 27% phosphorus and 13% nitrogen, while the dibasic salt provides 23% phosphorus and 21% nitrogen.
ammonium sulfamate
used as a herbicide; cattle and deer eating treated plants may be poisoned.
ammonium sulfate
causes ammonia poisoning.
References in periodicals archive ?
This delay in the delivery of the remaining part of the fertiliser under the contracts, as explained by the supplier, was caused by the fact that all ammonium nitrate production plants in the territory of Ukraine temporarily stopped their production activities.
Thermogram of ammonium nitrate decomposition in an open system and the results of analysis of the gaseous products thermolysis are shown at Fig.
The GAO report noted that more than 850,000 tons of ammonium nitrate were used in the United States during 2012.
The Ammonium Nitrate supply agreement for Industrial Grade Ammonium Nitrate and Ammonium Nitrate Solution is for ten years from January 2017, with an option for Orica to extend for a further five years until the end of 2031.
The city of West filed suit against West Fertilizer and Illinois-based CF Industries in June, claiming the fertilizer manufacturer "knew of the dangers associated with the manufacture and use of ammonium nitrate and failed in their duty to exercise care commensurate with and proportionate to the combined danger of formulating, designing, manufacturing, supplying and/or marketing of ammonium nitrate.
Anhydrous ammonia can be converted to ammonium nitrate using nitric acid.
US administration was of the view that Ammonium Nitrate is smuggled to Afghanistan where Taliban militants and their supporters use it in preparing IEDs.
Police said an improvised bomb killed one person and injured 32 others in downtown Nairobi last month and they believe ammonium nitrate was used.
GHAZNI CITY (PAN): Up to 4,500 kilograms of a banned fertiliser, ammonium nitrate, were seized from a house during a raid led by intelligence operatives in southern Ghazni province, an official said on Sunday.
Under current rules in Denmark, private individuals may only purchase fertiliser with a low ammonium nitrate content.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-March 23, 2011--Norwegian Yara to build USD700m ammonium nitrate plant in Australia(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.