ammonium chloride


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ammonium

 [ah-mo´ne-um]
a hypothetical radical, NH4, forming salts analogous to those of the alkaline metals.
ammonium carbonate a mixture of ammonium compounds used as a liquefying expectorant in the treatment of chronic bronchitis and similar lung disorders. It is sometimes used as a reflex stimulant in “smelling salts” because of the strong ammonia odor it gives off.
ammonium chloride colorless or white crystals, with a cool, salty taste, used as an expectorant because it liquefies bronchial secretions. In the body it is changed to urea and hydrochloric acid, and thus is useful in acidifying the urine and increasing the rate of urine flow. Excessive dosage may produce acidosis.
ammonium lactate lactic acid neutralized with ammonium hydroxide, applied topically in the treatment of ichthyosis vulgaris and xerosis.

am·mo·ni·um chlo·ride

a stimulant expectorant and cholagogue; used to relieve alkalosis and to promote lead excretion; a urinary acidifier.
Synonym(s): sal ammoniac

ammonium chloride

n.
A slightly hygroscopic, white crystalline compound, NH4Cl, used in dry cells, as a soldering flux, and as an expectorant. Also called sal ammoniac.

am·mo·ni·um chlo·ride

(ă-mōnē-ŭm klōrīd)
Stimulant expectorant and cholagogue; used to relieve alkalosis and promote lead excretion and acidify urine.

ammonium chloride,

n the chlorine salt of the ammonium ion. It is a popular deliquescent agent (i.e., it attracts and absorbs water from the atmosphere).
References in periodicals archive ?
Short ammonium chloride loading test is good to ascertain HPT status and also good to diagnose renal tubular acidification defect.
Ammonium chloride, which is not expensive and easily available, has been used as efficient catalyst in organic synthesis [17].
Once the HDG surfaces present a temperature between 400 and 450[degrees]C when they are removed from the molten zinc bath, the decomposition of the ammonium chloride is likely to occur during powdering with ammonium chloride which can be clearly observed in the industrial facilities because white fumes form during this step, as shown in Fig.
Thus, the key input required in all models is the drainage below the solute front, or what Jury and Roth (1990) refer to as the cumulative equivalent depth of net applied water (I), as a function of time after ammonium chloride or other fertiliser is applied.
The pH is maintained stable with a buffering system that converts the excess hydrochloric acid into more flux and maintains the zinc chloride / ammonium chloride ratio stable.
Three nitrogen sources were selected: (1) ammonium sulfate (21-0-0), (2) ammonium chloride (25-0-0) and (3) urea (45-0-0).
If the animal does survive the surgery, we follow up with high doses of oral ammonium chloride and prescribe a diet of grass hay and a grain containing ammonium chloride.
Regimen, a combination of benzocaine, ammonium chloride and phenylpropanolamine, is marketed.
He noted the height of the mercury column in a mixture of ice, water, and ammonium chloride, which resulted in the lowest temperature he could get, and he called that 0.
Nitrogen in the form of ammonia originates from certain core binders, especially those containing urea, ammonium chloride, ammonium nitrate or hexamethylene tetramine, during pyrolysis.