ammonium chloride


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ammonium

 [ah-mo´ne-um]
a hypothetical radical, NH4, forming salts analogous to those of the alkaline metals.
ammonium carbonate a mixture of ammonium compounds used as a liquefying expectorant in the treatment of chronic bronchitis and similar lung disorders. It is sometimes used as a reflex stimulant in “smelling salts” because of the strong ammonia odor it gives off.
ammonium chloride colorless or white crystals, with a cool, salty taste, used as an expectorant because it liquefies bronchial secretions. In the body it is changed to urea and hydrochloric acid, and thus is useful in acidifying the urine and increasing the rate of urine flow. Excessive dosage may produce acidosis.
ammonium lactate lactic acid neutralized with ammonium hydroxide, applied topically in the treatment of ichthyosis vulgaris and xerosis.

am·mo·ni·um chlo·ride

a stimulant expectorant and cholagogue; used to relieve alkalosis and to promote lead excretion; a urinary acidifier.
Synonym(s): sal ammoniac

ammonium chloride

n.
A slightly hygroscopic, white crystalline compound, NH4Cl, used in dry cells, as a soldering flux, and as an expectorant. Also called sal ammoniac.

am·mo·ni·um chlo·ride

(ă-mōnē-ŭm klōrīd)
Stimulant expectorant and cholagogue; used to relieve alkalosis and promote lead excretion and acidify urine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the major players in the ammonium chloride market are Dallas Group of America; BASF SE; Central Glass Co.
Ammonium chloride, which is not expensive and easily available, has been used as efficient catalyst in organic synthesis [17].
Based on the above experiments, soluble starch, maltose, glucose, copper sulphate, zinc sulphate, L-asparatic acid, L-glutamic acid, L-histidine, sodium nitrate, ammonium chloride, and ammonium nitrate were selected for statistical optimization.
Significant differences of average SN ratio among levels of variables were found in both of molasses and ammonium chloride (p (less than) 0.05).
Once the HDG surfaces present a temperature between 400 and 450[degrees]C when they are removed from the molten zinc bath, the decomposition of the ammonium chloride is likely to occur during powdering with ammonium chloride which can be clearly observed in the industrial facilities because white fumes form during this step, as shown in Fig.
The technique uses intensive soil sampling some time after ammonium chloride application to track the movement of the applied inorganic N and chloride, the chloride being used as a tracer.
Then control the parameters as best as possible by adding ammonia or similar to control the pH and maintain the correct density by adding more zinc ammonium chloride. Unfortunately as a result, the zinc chloride / ammonia chloride ratio changes and this reduces the flux efficiency.
Coated products include: malic, citric & ascorbic acid, ammonium chloride, castor & granulated sugar and salt.
The flux paste I continuously find is part number 0-F-506 and NSN 00-255-4566, and it contains zinc chloride and ammonium chloride. Zinc chloride is an acid, which should not be used for soldering electrical components because it's corrosive.
The Sani-Wipe surface sanitizing wipes are fast, easy-to-use products that meet FDA Food Code requirements for sanitizers used to clean food-contact surfaces, delivering just under 200 parts per million of quaternary ammonium chloride sanitizing solution each time they're used.
Nitrogen sources for rice production commonly include urea and ammonium sulfate; however, Japanese rice production relies almost exclusively on ammonium chloride (Tisdale et al., 1985).