a·mi·no·ac·yl (AA, aa),

The radical formed from an amino acid by removal of OH from a COOH group.


(AA, aa) (ă-mē'nō-as'il)
The radical formed from an amino acid by removal of OH from a COOH group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genes encoding lipid IVA acyltrasferase (msbB), biofilm formation, antimicrobial peptide resistance (carR), and 3 aminoacyl lipid modification (almEFG) have been shown to contribute to polymyxin resistance in V cholerae (6-8).
Fusidic acid has a narrower spectrum of action; it stops protein synthesis by blocking aminoacyl sRNA synthesis.
Biotransformation of 3-hydroxydibenzo-pyrone into 3,8 dihydroxydibenzo-pyrone and aminoacyl conjugates by Aspergillus niger isolated from native "shilajit.
Physiocrines are derived from aminoacyl tRNA synthetases, which have been known for decades to function intracellularly in protein synthesis.
We will provide five seed presentations for BioJapan2011; Marine sponges: potential sources of new antiprotozoal drugs, New Clinical Applications of Artificial Red Cells, Anti-angiogenic Activity of Pyridinophane Derivatives, Development of Production Process for Functional Aminoacyl Prolines, Development of random-peptide library for molecularly -targeted agents.
An additional mechanism, methylation of the aminoacyl site of 16S rRNA, confers high-level resistance to clinically important aminoglycosides such as amikacin, tobramycin, and gentamicin.
Adenosine diphosphate ribosylation of aminoacyl transferase II and inhibition of protein synthesis by diphtheria toxin.
Data obtained through this research reveals the molecular mechanisms of the quality control function carried out by a group of cellular enzymes called aminoacyl transfer RNA synthetases.
This groundbreaking research was sponsored in part by aTyr Pharma, through an agreement with The Scripps Research Institute for research into aminoacyl tRNA synthetases, the largest gene family implicated in CMT.
At low values of amino acid intake, aminoacyl tRNA synthetases have a higher affinity for their respective amino acid than the enzyme catabolizing that amino acid (Harper, 1986).
In contrast to tRNA aminoacylation from aminoacyl adenylates, thioester-activated amino acids are used in current work as the substrates to mimic the tRNA charging catalyzed by protein aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in modern biological systems.