Local anesthetics such as lidocaine, xylocaine, ropivacaine, bupivacaine, and amethocaine
were used in 10-13% of procedures.
In a study conducted by Rogers and Ostrow (30), EMLA cream was compared with a placebo (31), iontophoresis, and amethocaine
cream in decreasing venepuncture pain in children.
The cornea and sclera may be desensitized most effectively spraying topical application of 1% solution of Amethocaine
(Durham et al., 1992) or 1% Tropicamide (Mc Mullen et al., 2014).
Molodecka J and Stenhouse C (1994) conducted a study wherein the efficacy of topical amethocaine
cream was compared to 5% EMLA cream in alleviating pain of venous cannulation.
Ametop gel (4% amethocaine
) has been found to reduce pain with 1-year-olds receiving the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination (O'Brien, Taddio, Ipp, Goldbach, & Koren, 2004).
Comparison of lidocaine-prilocaine cream and amethocaine
gel for local analgesia before venepuncture in children.
A lid speculum with scleral indentation after topical anesthesia (amethocaine
) was routinely used.
Effect of baricity on spinal anaesthesia with amethocaine
. Br J Anaesth 1980; 52: 589-96.
Regional analgesia for intra-abdominal surgery with special reference to amethocaine
The eye was anaesthetized with 1% amethocaine
and lid everted.
The patient should have a topical anaesthetic instilled (such as proxymethacaine, amethocaine
or tetracaine) and the subtarsal foreign body should then be removed by everting their upper lid.