amentia


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amentia

 [a-men´shah]
former term for profound mental retardation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

men·tal re·tar·da·tion

subaverage general intellectual functioning that originates during the developmental period and is associated with impairment in adaptive behavior. The American Association on Mental Deficiency lists eight medical classifications and five psychological classifications; the latter five replace the three former classifications of moron, imbecile, and idiot. Mental retardation classification requires assignment of an index for performance relative to a person's peers on two interrelated criteria: measured intelligence (IQ) and overall socioadaptive behavior (a judgmental rating of the person's relative level of performance in school, at work, at home, and in the community). In general an IQ of 70 or less indicates mental retardation (mild = 50/55-70; moderate = 35/40-50/55; severe = 20/25-35/40; profound = below 20/25); an IQ of 70-85 signifies borderline intellectual functioning.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

amentia

(ā-mĕn′shə, -shē-ə)
n.
Severe intellectual disability. This term belongs to a classification system no longer in use.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

amentia

(1) Severe mental retardation.
(2) Mental incapacity due to agenesis or underdevelopment of cerebral cortex.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·men·ti·a

(dĕ-men'shē-ă)
The loss, usually progressive, of cognitive and intellectual functions, without impairment of perception or consciousness; caused by a variety of disorders including severe infections and toxins, but most commonly associated with structural brain disease. Characterized by disorientation, impaired memory, judgment, and intellect, and a shallow labile affect.
Synonym(s): amentia.
[L. fr. de- priv. + mens, mind]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

amentia

The absence, from failure of development, of the intellectual powers.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
By 1814 Thelwall was publishing observations on cases of amentia and even proposing to treat certain cases, stressing, though, that it was not his intention to turn his school "into an hospital for idiots and lunatics" (Results of Experience 35).
The youth of Balochistan must come forward to be trigger large scale economic activities in the province so that the people could get fully benefitted from their untapped resources and to overcome their longstanding grievances with regard to lack of health and education facilities as well as other basic amentias of the life.
He said that budget should be enhanced for maintenance of the government flats, and provision of civic amentias in the G n I series sectors.
He assured the representatives of the Ship Breaking that gas, water, electricity, medical facilities and other amentias will be provided in the area on priority basis.