23) The retarded growth among the indigenous population in Leitimor may have been caused by the fact that Kota Ambon, the only urban centre in the Province of Amboina, was located here.
As indicated in Table 3, the population density per square kilometre in the Province of Amboina tended to grow from about 20 in 1673 to 25 in 1692.
The sex-ratio in Java was about 95 males per 100 females, while in Amboina it was 105 per 100.
However, one important question remains to be asked, namely was the growth-rate for the population of the Province of Amboina limited to the decades under consideration or did it also apply to other periods in the early modern age of the area?
The significance of the Province of Amboina in the VOC empire and trading networks gave the authorities an extra incentive to make this statistical effort.
As such, the Province of Amboina fits in the general pattern for early modern Southeast Asia, showing stagnation or, at best, a minor growth rate.
Finally, a few remarks will be made about the demography of Amboina over a much longer perspective and comparisons will be drawn with general developments elsewhere in Southeast Asia, in particular with Java.