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amblyopia(am?ble-o'pe-a) [ ambly- + -opia]
Unilateral or bilateral decrease of best corrected vision in an otherwise healthy eye, commonly due to asymmetric refractive error or strabismus. amblyopic (-o'pik), adjective
Amblyopia of one eye with hemianesthesia of the opposite side of the face. Synonym: amblyopia cruciata
amblyopia cruciataCrossed amblyopia.
Amblyopia resulting from nonuse of the eye. It is usually secondary to an organic problem such as cataract or ptosis.
amblyopia ex anopsia
Amblyopia resulting from disuse. It usually occurs in one eye and is associated with convergent squint or very poor visual acuity.
Unequal vision resulting from large refractive errors between the two eyes.
Amblyopia secondary to malalignment of the eyes. In this condition the brain suppresses the visual image from the deviating eye to prevent double vision. About 50% of childhood amblyopia is strabismic.
Amblyopia due to the effects of alcohol, tobacco, lead, drugs, or other toxic substances.
Amblyopia during a uremic attack.