(1973) Receptive field organization of bipolar and amacrine cells
in the goldfish retina.
Gan, "Islet-1 controls the differentiation of retinal bipolar and cholinergic amacrine cells
," Journal of Neuroscience, vol.
Hartveit, "Reciprocal synaptic interactions between rod bipolar cells and amacrine cells
in the rat retina," Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.
Dopaminergic and indoleamine-accumulating amacrine cells
express GABA-like immunoreactivity in the cat retina.
The density of choline acetyl-transferase-IR (ChAT-IR), [gamma]-aminobutyric acid-IR, and Disabled-1-IR (Dabl glycinergic AII) amacrine cells
in control central INL was 1.9 [+ or -] 0.2, 7.3 [+ or -] 0.5, and 4.8 [+ or -] 0.3 per 100 [micro]m length, respectively.
They injected a substance into the retina to eliminate ganglion cells, a type of nerve cell found near the surface of the retina, and amacrine cells
. Then by injecting the eye with epidermal growth factor (EGF), fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) or a combination of FGF1 and insulin, they were able to stimulate the Muller glia cells to re-start their dividing engines and begin to proliferate across the retina.
Structural remodeling was observed in amacrine cells
of patients with retinitis pigmentosa  and to some extent after retinal detachment-reattachment in a feline model .
Inhibitory interneurons of the mammalian retina include amacrine cells
and several types of horizontal cells .
The most consistent and widely reported aspect of the ERG that changes early in DR using animal models and patients is the oscillatory potential implicit time which reflects electrophysiological communication between the amacrine cells
and the bipolar cells with interactions from ganglion cells to amacrine cells
.[sup] Such early indicators reflect retinal neural dysfunction and perhaps progression to neurodegenerative pathology in the later stages of disease.
However, those investigators reported that visual functional disorders were unclear in patients with OP abnormalities who have no or minimal fundus changes and presumed that amacrine cells
were the most feasible candidates for OP generation .