alveolocapillary

alveolocapillary

/al·ve·o·lo·cap·il·la·ry/ (al-ve″o-lo-kap´ĭ-lar″e) pertaining to the pulmonary alveoli and capillaries.
References in periodicals archive ?
pneumoniae, consistent with an as-yet unbreached alveolocapillary barrier.
In addition to playing a critical role in pathogen killing, PMNs cause bystander injury to the respiratory epithelium and thereby increase permeability of the alveolocapillary barrier (Zemans et al.
If the rise of the pulmonary venous pressures continues, fluid would cross the alveolocapillary barrier.
Gas diffusion takes place at the alveolocapillary membrane which, in a simplified model, consists of alveolar epithelium, capillary endothelium, and their basal membranes.
Hence, the PVPI variation may be because of not only permeability of the alveolocapillary barrier and lung inflammation but also the integrity of the lymph drainage and alveolar fluid clearance which may be involved in PTE.
Its pathogenesis is characterized by widespread alveolocapillary wall damage and increased permeability of lung vessels related to alveolar and interstistial edema.
The lung becomes flooded as its alveolocapillary membranes leak, and the alveoli fill with body fluids.
This may results from the development of plexiform lesions, the typical hystopathological finding in PAH, which lead to obstruction and obliteration of arterioles by exuberant muscular cell growth of the media, and from the monoclonal proliferation of endothelial cells leading to alveolocapillary membrane thickening.
Some of the biologic responses associated with cellular reactions to endotoxin include fever induction, macrophage activation, B-cell mitogenicity, restrictive lung function changes, and reduction in alveolocapillary gas transfer (Cotran, Kumar, & Collins, 1999; Rylander, 1997).
For proper patient management and prognosis, CCAM type 3 must be distinguished from other types of CCAM and from alveolocapillary dysplasia.