alveolar process


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process

 [pros´es]
1. a prominence or projection, as from a bone.
2. a series of operations or events leading to achievement of a specific result.
3. to subject to such a series to produce desired changes.
acromial process acromion.
altered family p's former name for the nursing diagnosis interrupted family processes.
alveolar process the part of the bone in either the maxilla or mandible that surrounds and supports the teeth.
basilar process a quadrilateral plate of the occipital bone projecting superiorly and anteriorly from the foramen magnum.
calcaneal process of cuboid bones a process projecting posteriorly from the inferomedial angle of the cuboid bone that supports the anterior calcaneus.
caudate process the right of the two processes on the caudate lobe of the liver.
ciliary p's meridionally arranged ridges or folds projecting from the crown of the ciliary body.
clinoid process any of three processes of the sphenoid bone (anterior, medial, and posterior).
coracoid process a curved process arising from the upper neck of the scapula and overhanging the shoulder joint; called also coracoid.
coronoid process
1. the anterior part of the upper end of the ramus of the mandible.
2. a projection at the proximal end of the ulna.
disturbed thought p's a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the experiencing by an individual of disruption in cognitive operations and activities; it is related to various mental and personality disorders. Contributing factors include physiologic changes, psychologic conflicts, memory loss, impaired judgment, and sleep deprivation. Defining characteristics include inaccurate interpretation of the environment; cognitive dissonance; distractibility; decreased ability to grasp ideas; impaired ability to make decisions, solve problems, or reason; disorientation to time, place, person, circumstances, or events; and inappropriate or nonreality-based thinking.
dysfunctional family p's: alcoholism a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as psychosocial, spiritual, and physiological functions of the family unit that are chronically disorganized, leading to conflict, denial of problems, resistance to change, ineffective problem solving, and a series of self-perpetuating crises. See also alcoholism.
ensiform process xiphoid process.
ethmoid process a bony projection above and behind the maxillary process of the inferior nasal concha.
family p's the psychosocial, physiological, and spiritual functions and relationships within the family unit; nursing diagnoses include dysfunctional family processes: alcoholism and interrupted family processes.
frontonasal process frontonasal prominence.
interrupted family p's a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a change in family relationships and/or functioning.
malar process zygomatic process of the maxilla.
mammillary process a tubercle on each superior articular process of a lumbar vertebra.
mandibular process mandibular prominence.
mastoid process a conical projection at the base of the mastoid portion of the temporal bone.
maxillary process
2. a bony process descending from the ethmoid process of the inferior nasal concha.
nursing process see nursing process.
odontoid process a toothlike projection of the axis that articulates with the atlas.
pterygoid process either of the two processes of the sphenoid bone, descending from the points of junction of the great wings and the body of the bone, and each consisting of a lateral and a medial plate.
spinous process of vertebra a part of a vertebra projecting backward from the arch, giving attachment to muscles of the back.
styloid process a long, pointed projection, particularly a long spine projecting downward from the inferior surface of the temporal bone.
temporal process the posterior blunt process of the zygomatic bone that articulates with the zygomatic process of the temporal bone to form the zygomatic arch.
uncinate process any hooklike process, as of vertebrae, the lacrimal bone, or the pancreas.
xiphoid process the pointed process of cartilage, supported by a core of bone, connected with the lower end of the sternum; called also xiphoid.
The xiphoid process. Redrawn from Applegate, 1995.
zygomatic process a projection in three parts, from the frontal bone, temporal bone, and maxilla, by which they articulate with the zygomatic bone (see Appendix 3-3).

al·ve·o·lar pro·cess

(al-vē'ŏ-lăr pros'es)
That portion of bone in either the maxilla or the mandible that surrounds and supports the teeth.

al·ve·o·lar pro·cess

(al-vē'ŏ-lăr pros'es)
That portion of bone in either maxilla or mandible that surrounds and supports teeth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, the need for publishing more cases regarding the results of alveolar process bone fracture healing with mature and immature teeth should be carefully evaluated for proper future treatment planning.
It can be concluded that this method may be of greater value in studying sequential changes to estimate reduction in height of the maxillary and mandibular alveolar process of a patient after tooth loss.
Pathologic interpretation of a transbronchial biopsy revealed acute and chronic inflammatory interstitial and alveolar processes, with areas of organizational changes in alveolar spaces associated with proteinaceous material.
The following variables were measured on all OPG images: 1) Alveolar process height at lower first molar (LM1) and at lower second molar (LM2) sites, the alveolar process height was measured from the crest of the alveolar bone to the superior margin of the IAN canal (Fig.
Hypodivergent showed an increased vertical condylar growth and diminished vertical growth of alveolar process and/or anterior facial sutures.
(3) Later the term was replaced by gingival or periodontal phenotype coined by Muller, as they felt phenotype is appropriate word to use as it describes the shape of the teeth and alveolar process along with soft tissue.
Wojcicki, "Bone graft healing in alveolar osteoplasty in patients with unilateral lip, alveolar process, and palate clefts," The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol.
Approximation of alveolar process before surgery also enables surgeons to perform gingivoperiosteoplasty (GPP) successfully.
Inflammation of periodontal tissue leads to progressive destruction of periodontium and alveolar process bone, and to the formation of periodontal pockets [13].
Our hypothesis was that the mandibular body is designed to resist the occlusal loads of mastication with respect to experimental investigations which is contingent on certain inferences, while it may be that, within restricted regions of the mandibular corpus, occlusal loads produce relatively large stress distribution as alveolar process.
The mandible showed extrusion of both the alveolar process and remaining dentition (Fig.
Dentoalveolar injuries are those injuries involving the teeth, the supporting structures, gingiva, oral mucosa, alveolar process of the maxilla or mandible, with or without injuries of the adjacent soft and hard tissues.