alveolar gas


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Related to alveolar gas: ideal alveolar gas, Gaseous exchange

gas

 [gas]
any elastic aeriform fluid in which the molecules are widely separated from each other and so have free paths.
alveolar gas the gas in the alveoli of the lungs, where gas exchange with the capillary blood takes place.
blood g's the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood; see blood gas analysis.
laughing gas nitrous oxide.
gas pains pains caused by distention of the stomach or intestines by accumulation of air or other gases. The presence of gas is indicated by distention of the abdomen, belching, or discharge of gas through the rectum. Gas-forming foods include highly flavored vegetables such as onions, cabbage, and turnips; members of the bean family; and fruits such as melons and raw apples. Some seasonings and other chemical irritants also produce gas.
tear gas any of various irritant vapors dispensed by aerosol and causing pain and severe lacrimation in humans; some also cause irritation of exposed mucous membranes as well as vomiting. Common ones include chloroacetophenone (CN), o-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile (see CS), and dibenz(b,f)-1,4-oxazepine (see cr); the most common of the three is CS (also known as mace).

al·ve·o·lar gas

(symbol subscript A),
the gas in the pulmonary alveoli, where O2-CO2 exchange with pulmonary capillary blood occurs.
Synonym(s): alveolar air

al·ve·o·lar gas

(al-vē'ŏ-lăr gas)
Gas symbol subscript A; the gas in the pulmonary alveoli, where O2-CO2 exchange with pulmonary capillary blood occurs.
Synonym(s): alveolar air.
References in periodicals archive ?
Figure 2: Riley version of the alveolar gas equation (Equation 1)3 and rearrangement for calculation of Fi[O.sub.2] (Equation 2).
Mithoefer et al[12] reported that the breath-hold time is affected by alveolar gas composition, including inspired oxygen at partial pressure and hyperventilation.
Furthermore, ventilation perfusion matching influenced not only by the ventilation gradient we have been discussing, but also by the adaptability of the blood vessels to redistribute flow according to the composition of alveolar gas. Thus, the potentially adverse impact of positive pressure ventilation on V/Q matching may be minimal in a healthy lung.